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ECO journal (ECOnomics and industrial Engineering)

2018 year, number 7

Kazakhstan: Stages of Economic Progress for 100 Years

L. A. Ivanov
Reliable High Technology LLC, Kazakhstan
Keywords: население, элита, социальная энергия, производство, экспорт, импортозамещение, инфраструктура, занятость, Рopulation, elite, social power, production, export, import substitution, infrastructure, employment


Economic development of the modern Kazakhstan territory for last century brings us the numeral samples of heroic transformations and dramatic disappointments. The question about correct criteria of so long history of changes division into periods is methodically important. We believe that the best criteria is the efficacy of social energy usage. Appropriateness, hitches and neglects exposition permit us to see the new social and economic perspectives.