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ECO journal (ECOnomics and industrial Engineering)

2018 year, number 7

The Russian Arctic: From Ostrogs to Urban Agglomerations

V. V. Fauzer, A. V. Smirnov
Komi Science Centre Ural Branch of RAN
Keywords: российская Арктика, городские поселения, города, население, этапы развития, The Russian Arctic, urban settlements, cities, population, stages of development


The article considers the history of the formation of urban settlements in the Russian Arctic from the 14th to the 21st century, as well as the number and composition of the population from 1939 to 2017. All urban settlements are divided into three groups according to their origin and function. The periodization of the Russian Arctic development is proposed. It is based on the dynamics of the population and the number of new urban settlements by time periods. The dynamics of the population and structure of the Arctic population is analyzed. Two periods are defined: the period of population growth until 1989 and its decline in subsequent years. The article notes that the rate of population decline in the last ten years has decreased. The population is increasing in two autonomous districts and four cities in the Arctic. The share of the Asian part in the population of the Arctic increased.