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Humanitarian sciences in Siberia

2018 year, number 3

LIVESTOCK STATE FARMS OF SIBERIA IN 1929-1934

A.A. Plyasulya
Institute of History SB RAS, 8, Nikolaev str., Novosibirsk, 630090, Russian Federation
Keywords: Soviet state agrarian policy, collectivization, state farms, agriculture, livestock production, Siberia

Abstract

The article deals with the issues of the organization and work of livestock-breeding state farms in Siberia in 1929-1934. Specialized state farms had to make a significant contribution to solve food and raw material problems in the USSR. Until 1932 the number of farms and their land use increased. State farms did not justify expectations laid upon them by the Soviet authorities. The cattle productivity was less than in individual farms and collective farms. But the main problem for the authorities was the high cost of production and, accordingly, its low profitability. In 1933 the program of state-farm construction was closed up. The reorganization of livestock-breeding state farms began, which was reduced mainly to the disaggregation and expansion of specialization. Optimization of the state farm network did not lead to overcoming the negative phenomena in the livestock sector of state farms.