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Humanitarian sciences in Siberia

2018 year, number 3

EVFIMIY CHUDOVSKY AS AN INTELLECTUAL LEADER OF THE CHURCH WRITERS COMMUNITY IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE XVII CENTURY

T.V. Panich
Institute of History SB RAS, 8 Nikolaev str., Novosibirsk, 630090, Russian Federation
Keywords: written culture, XVII century, writers of the patriarchal circle, Evfimiy Chudovsky, intellectual leader

Abstract

The issue of intellectual leadership is particularly interesting among actual problems of the historical science and culture. In the context of the intellectual leadership problem the article investigates the personality and literary activity of Monk Evfimiy of Chudov monastery, a representative of Russian written culture of the second half of the XVII century, who was involved into the creative community of writers from the Patriarch circle. The study objective is to establish the features of interpersonal relationships within the group of his associates, to reveal the features characterizing Evfimiy as an intellectual leader, to determine the specifics of the writers ideological and spiritual influence on the milieu based on the analysis of Evfimiy Chudovskys own texts and writings of his close authors. Studying the materials reveals the main qualities characterizing Evfimiy Chudovsky as an intellectual leader: intellect, erudition, profound knowledge in the field of book culture, organizational skills, a high level of social consciousness and responsibility, etc. The way of Evfimiy Chudovskys effect on milieu was a word that had a large weight in the context of the writers polemic discourse. The texts of Evfimiy and his contemporary testimonies show that the writers ideological influence was not only limited to the creative circle, to which he belonged and whose rights and interests he expressed and defended, it also extended to the broad masses of the population. Each Evfimiys work reflected his active participation in the discussion of the contemporary urgent problems; high emotional intensity of his statements in defense of Orthodoxy and traditional bases of national culture - all this influenced his surroundings. The main merit of Evfimiy Chudovsky is that he reflected a complex of ideas and values that formed the basis of cultural concept of writers of his circle, the foundation for the groups socio-cultural identity. All this characterizes Evfimiy Chudovsky as an intellectual leader of the church writers community of the second half of the XVII century.