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Combustion, Explosion and Shock Waves

2017 year, number 5

Autowave Chemical Transformations of Highly Exothermic Mixture Based on Niobium Oxide with Aluminum

V. I. Yukhvid, D. E. Andreev, V. N. Sanin, N.V. Sachkova
Institute of Structural Macrokinetics and Materials Sciences, Russian Academy of Sciences, Chernogolovka, 142432 Russia
Keywords: автоволновой синтез, СВС-металлургия, химическое превращение, композиционный материал, силицид ниобия, auto-wave synthesis, SHS metallurgy, chemical conversion, composite material, niobium silicide


Composite materials based on Nb with functional (Si, C, B) and alloying dopants (Hf, Ti, Al, etc.) are promising materials for aircraft engine applications. Our previous studies have shown that such composites can be synthesized in the autowave mode (combustion mode) using highly exothermic mixtures of Nb2O5 with Al, Si, Hf, and Ti. It has been found that in the combustion wave, Hf actively participates in reducing Nb2O5, which complicates its introduction into the composite material, and also leads to an excess of Al in the alloy. In the present study, we have investigated the possibility of replacing Hf in the starting mixture by less active HfAl3 and have also determined the effect of dispersion of HfAl3 on the Hf content in the composite material.