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Journal of Mining Sciences

2016 year, number 5

1.
Procedure and Results of Seismic Investigations into Causes of Landslides in Permafrost Rocks

M. V. KURLENYA1, G. S. CHERNYSHOV2,3, A. S. SERDYUKOV1,2,3, A. A. DUCHKOV2,3, A. V. YABLOKOV2,3
1Chinakal Institute of Mining, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Krasnyi pr. 54, Novosibirsk, 630091 Russia
2Trofimuk Institute of Petroleum Geology and Geophysics, pr. Akademika Koptyuga 3, Novosibirsk, 630090 Russia
3Novosibirsk State University, ul. Pirogova 2, Novosibirsk, 630090 Russia
Keywords: многолетнемерзлые породы, устойчивость бортов карьеров, оползни, малоглубинная сейсморазведка, продольные волны, метод полей времен пробега, томография, поверхность скольжени, permafrost rock, slope stability, landslides, shallow seismic exploration, P-waves, travel-time field method, tomography, slip surface

Abstract >>
The article focuses on seismic monitoring of causes of landslides. Such studies are of great importance in open pit mining in permafrost rocks. Extensive mining-induced impact in combination with natural thawing of permafrost as a consequence of the planet warming may end in catastrophe. The authors describe a procedure for plotting velocity profiles of seismic waves along slopes in the presence of extremely contrast discontinuities conditioned by permafrost rocks. The presented approach enables studying slip surfaces of landslides and detecting potential failure zones where wave velocities are lower due to extensive jointing. The processed field data obtained in the area near Chagan-Uzun settlement in Kosh-Agach district of the Republic of Altai are reported.
																								



2.
Applications of Non-Archimedean Analysis in the Block Hierarchical Rock Mass Mechanics

A. F. REVUZHENKO
Chinakal Institute of Mining, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Krasnyi pr. 54, Novosibirsk, 630091 Russia
Keywords: геосреда, иерархия, деформация, диссипативная функция, неархимедова величина, subsurface, hierarchy, deformation, dissipation function, non-Archimedean value

Abstract >>
The article considers applicability of non-Archimedean analysis to multi-scale rock mass modeling based on the concept of dissipation function. In the capacity of coordinates, the author introduces non-Archimedean lines of infinite hierarchy. Basic definitions of univariate analysis are generalized for a two-dimensional case.
																								



3.
Calculation of Rock Mass Stresses, Considering Rock Mass-Support Interaction in Mines

V. M. SERYAKOV
Chinakal Institute of Mining, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Krasnyi pr. 54, Novosibirsk, 630091 Russia
Keywords: горные породы, выработка, крепь, напряжения, деформации, расчеты, матрица жесткости, метод начальных напряжений, смещения контура выработки, контактное взаимодействие, rocks, underground excavation, support, stresses, strains, calculation, stiffness matrix, initial stress method, roof and wall rocks displacement, contact interaction

Abstract >>
The article describes a proved method to calculate stress state of support and surrounding rock mass, considering roof and wall rocks displacement until the contact with the support. The method is based on the use of the intact rock mass stiffness matrix formed prior to mining. Modeling of drivage using the method of initial stresses allows splitting the problem into two subproblems: the first subproblem is on mechanical state of rock mass during roof and wall rocks displacement, the second subproblem describes joint deformation of roof rock, walls rocks and support. The cases of stress calculation for rocks and support, considering support installation conditions, are described. The stress behavior depending on the value of roof and wall rocks displacement until the contact with the support is determined. The features of the method application in case of greatly different mechanical characteristics of rocks and support are discussed.
																								



4.
Peak Loads on Feeders in Floor Storages of Broken Rocks

A. A. KRAMADZHYAN, E. P. RUSIN, S. B. STAZHEVSKY, G. N. KHAN AND
Chinakal Institute of Mining, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Krasnyi pr. 54, Novosibirsk, 630091 Russia
Keywords: раздробленная руда, дилатансия, дилатансионное упрочнение, “ловушки” дилатансии, пиковая нагрузка, напольный склад, узел разгрузки, пластинчатый питатель, сходящийся канал, broken ore, dilatancy, dilatational strength, dilatancy “traps, ” peak load, floor storage, discharge unit, apron feeder, narrowing channel

Abstract >>
Actual physical models and discrete element method are used to analyze stress state of broken rocks at the moment when an apron feeder starts discharge from floor storage. It is shown that designs of discharge units of floor storages fail to eliminate broken rock dilatancy which is a determinant of the peak load on the feeder at the moment of its actuation. Based on the investigation results, the authors propose an approach to filling floor storages with broken rock and a structural layout for the storage discharge unit. The offered engineering solutions enable preventing from dilatancy-induced impact on stress state of broken rock flow and, as a result, elimination of peak loads on feeders.
																								



5.
Weak P-Waves under Periodic Load Applied to a Packing of Glass Balls

A. P. BOBRYAKOV, V. P. KOSYKH, A. F. REVUZHENKO
Chinakal Institute of Mining, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Krasnyi pr. 54, Novosibirsk, 630091 Russia
Keywords: упаковки шаров, сыпучий материал, динамические нагрузки, напряжения, силовые “цепочки”, сдвиги, амплитуда, скорость, packing of balls, granular material, dynamic loads, stresses, force "chains", shears, amplitude, velocity

Abstract >>
Based on the tests of packings of calibrated glass balls with a diameter of 1 mm, it is shown that multiple point impacts improve waveguide characteristics of the medium-conducting paths composed of force “chains” emerge in the test material. The further quasi-static alternating shears change the packing of particles, break the chains and reduce conduction. If continued onward, the multiple impulsive loading results in recovery of the “chains” and in better conduction of the paths.
																								



6.
Stress Dependence of Elastic P-Wave Velocity and Amplitude in Coal Specimens under Varied Loading Conditions

V. L. SHKURATNIK1, P. V. NIKOLENKO1, A. E. KOSHELEV2
1Institute of Integrated Mineral Development-IPKON, Russian Academy of Sciences, Kryukovskii tupik 4, Moscow, 111020 Russia
2Gazprom Geotechnology, ul. Stroitelei 8, Bld. 1, Moscow, 119311 Russia
Keywords: каменный уголь, упругие волны, образец, лабораторный эксперимент, ультразвук, одно- и двухосное нагружение, Кузнецкий угольный бассейн, black coal, elastic waves, specimen, laboratory test, ultrasound, one- and bi-axial loading, Kuznetsk Coal Basin

Abstract >>
Experiments allowed finding regular patterns in propagation of supersonic elastic P-waves in specimens of black coal exposed to uniaxial compression and tiaxial compression by von Karman. It is shown that in case of uniaxial compression, the largest information content is ensured by translucence in perpendicular to bedding and loading axis of coal specimens. Such translucence exhibits four stages of deformation of a specimen. The information content of translucence under triaxial compression reduces with the increase in the lateral pressure that prevents from disintegration of a coal specimen. Four deformation stages are best identified with the lateral pressure of 2.5 MPa, while only stages of specimen consolidation and failure are traced at the pressure of 10 MPa.
																								



7.
Tensile Strength of Rocks by Test Data on Disc-Shaped Specimens with a Hole Drilled through the Disc Center

V. P. EFIMOV
Chinakal Institute of Mining, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Krasnyi pr. 54, Novosibirsk, 630091 Russia
Keywords: разрушение, прочность, растяжение, “бразильская проба”, нелокальные критерии прочности, failure, strength, tension, Brazilian specimen, non-local strength criterion

Abstract >>
The author reports test data on disc-shaped specimens of rocks and model media with a hole drilled through the center of the specimens loaded along the diameter. The test data processing uses non-local failure criteria. The calculated destructive forces are compared with the measured destructive loads. Based on the tests of specimens with the central through holes, the tensile strength algorithm is presented.
																								



8.
Determination of Plasticity Zone in Rock Mass with Long Cylindrical Opening Based on Displacements Measured at the Opening Boundary

A. I. CHANYSHEV1,2, I. M. ABDULIN1
1Chinakal Institute of Mining, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Krasnyi pr. 54, Novosibirsk, 630091 Russia
2Novosibirsk State University of Economics and Management, ul. Kamenskaya 52, Novosibirsk, 630099 Russia
Keywords: пластичность, осесимметричная деформация, смещения, упругопластическая граница, plasticity, axially symmetric deformation, displacement, elastic-plastic boundary

Abstract >>
By the data on measured displacements at the boundary of a cylindrical underground opening (mine shaft), in the model of a perfectly plastic body, the authors assess deformation of rock mass around the opening and find the elastic-plastic boundary and displacements in the plastic deformation zone.
																								



9.
Physical Simulation and Theoretical Estimate of Gravity-Induced Lateral Stress in Rocks

I. L. PAN’KOV1,2
1Mining Institute, Ural Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. Sibirskaya 78a, Perm, 614007 Russia
2Perm National Research Polytechnic University, pr. Komsomol’skii 29, Perm, 614990 Russia
Keywords: напряжение бокового распора, сила тяжести, уплотняющиеся горные породы, пористость, модуль деформации, коэффициент Пуассона, lateral stress, gravity, consolidating rocks, porosity, deformation modulus, Poisson’s ratio

Abstract >>
Gravity-induced lateral stress in rocks is assessed in the framework of physical simulation using a flexible thin-walled cylinder. Compression of loose geo-materials changes diameter of the cylinder, which allows estimating lateral stress. The observed dependences with various compacted geo-materials are then theoretically approximated based on characteristics of porosity, rock deformation modulus and Poisson’s ratio. The obtained relations are applicable to estimation of gravity-induced lateral stress in an intact rock mass.
																								



10.
Experimental Regularities in Formation of Submicron Particles under Rock Failure

S. D. VIKTOROV, A. N. KOCHANOV
Institute of Integrated Mineral Development-IPKON, Russian Academy of Sciences, Kryukovskii tupik 4, Moscow, 111020 Russia
Keywords: субмикронные частицы, горная порода, разрушение, эксперимент, взрывное воздействие, одноосное сжатие, методика, лазерная спектрометрия, экология, прогноз, submicron particles, rocks, failure, experiment, explosion load, uniaxial compression, procedure, laser spectrometry, ecology, prediction

Abstract >>
Based on the developed procedure, experimental regularities are obtained for the formation of submicron particles under rock failure. The experiments involved explosion load on rock specimens and their uniaxial compression with the concurrent control over size and amount of particles until failure using laser spectrometry. It is found that most of all particles are formed in the size grade of a few microns irrespective of the kind of loading. Dynamics of the formation of particles depends on structural characteristics of specimens and on the value of the compression stress. The authors emphasize the promising nature of the experimental results usable both in the environmental monitoring and for disaster prediction in the course of mining.
																								



11.
Mechanical Properties of Coal Microcomponents under Continuous Indentation

E. L. KOSSOVICH, N. N. DOBRYAKOVA, S. A. EPSHTEIN, D. S. BELOV
National University of Science and Technology-MISIS, Leninskii pr. 4, Moscow, 119049 Russia
Keywords: уголь, витринит, инертинит, микрокомпоненты, непрерывное индентирование, механические свойства, модуль упругости, твердость, анизотропия, coal, vitrinite, inertinite, microcomponents, continuous indentation, mechanical properties, elasticity modulus, hardness, anisotropy

Abstract >>
The article reports data on continuous indentation of different rank black coal and anthracite. The test specimens are specially prepared, and their faces are differently oriented relative to their bedding planes. Different mechanical behavior of coal and anthracite microcomponents in different planes relative to bedding is identified, and relevant values of elasticity modulus and hardness are determined. The measurements exhibit spatial anisotropy of microlevel mechanical properties of vitrinite and inertinite.
																								



12.
Experimental Estimate of Power Variation Range of Pneumatic Hammer with Mechanical Locking of Elastic Valve

V. V. CHERVOV, B. N. SMOLYANITSKY
Chinakal Institute of Mining, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Krasnyi pr. 54, Novosibirsk, 630091 Russia
Keywords: пневмомолот, упругий клапан, удельный расход воздуха, частота ударов, дроссельный канал, ход ударника, pneumatic hammer, elastic valve, air flow rate, blow frequency, valve channel, hammer stroke

Abstract >>
Under discussion is the experimental estimate of an actual power variation range of pneumatic hammer with a ring-type elastic valve arranged in exhaust unit of back-drive cell in order to lock mechanically this cell until exhaust stroke at various values of the hammer travel. The variation ranges of the valve channel cross-section are found to ensure sustained operation of the pneumatic hammer and the minimized air flow rate irrespective of the hammer weight and position (vertical or horizontal) and the ratio of the hammer power-stroke to the hammer power-stroke cell diameter.
																								



13.
Remote Monitoring Systems for Operation of High-Voltage Substations and Mining Machines at Open Pit Coal Mines

I. V. BREIDO, A. V. SICHKARENKO, E. S. KOTOV
Karaganda State Technical University, Blv. Mira 56, Karaganda, 1000027, Kazakhstan
Keywords: системы удаленного мониторинга, режимы работы, высоковольтные подстанции, экскаваторы, радиомодемы, GPRS-модемы, интернет, экономия электроэнергии, удельные нормы электропотребления, remote monitoring systems, operation modes, high-voltage substations, shovels, rf modems, GPRS modems, Internet, power saving, power consumption standards

Abstract >>
The article presents the remote monitoring systems for operation of high-voltage substations and shovels, designed at the Karaganda State Technical University and introduced at Shubarkol-Komir open pit coal mine. The systems measure power consumption parameters (high-voltage substations and shovels) and controls power consumers and electrical protection. The high-voltage substation monitoring systems transmit data via rf modem, the shovel operation monitoring systems use GPRS modems to transmit data via Internet to a central operator office. In the course of trial operation of the remote monitoring systems, it was succeeded to save power owing to elimination of idle operation of heavy-duty mining machines; moreover, the scope of the continuous control covered power consumption and electric protection at substations and on shovels.
																								



14.
Double-Action Compression/Vacuum Impact Machine

V. V. TIMONIN, A. K. TKACHUK, V. N. KARPOV
Chinakal Institute of Mining, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Krasnyi pr. 54, Novosibirsk, 630091 Russia
Keywords: компрессионно-вакуумная ударная машина, ударник, корпус, скорость, давление, магнитный фиксатор, пульт управления, сейсморазведка, импульсный источник, compression/vacuum impact machine, striking unit, housing, velocity, pressure, magnetic lock, control panel, seismic exploration, pulsed source

Abstract >>
The authors present the schematic circuit of the new-generation compression/vacuum impact machine (CVIM) and its operation using an adjustable magnetic lock, which allows varying the machine power performance and extends the machine capacities in mining, construction and seismic exploration. The operational cycle of CVIM is tested. The authors determine technical parameters of the machine and mechanisms of interaction between the lock, striking unit, air reserve tank and compressed air source. CVIM unit blow energy is estimated at different space positions of the machine. The field trial has assisted in denoting ways of further improvement of the machine.
																								



15.
Geomechanical Assessment of Compound Mining Technology with Backfilling and Caving for Thick Flat Ore Bodies

A. M. FREIDIN, A. A. NEVEROV, S. A. NEVEROV
Chinakal Institute of Mining, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Krasnyi pr. 54, Novosibirsk, 630091 Russia
Keywords: комбинированная система разработки, большая глубина, массив пород, напряженно-деформированное состояние, выработка, закладка, камера, целик, кровля, безопасность, compound mining technolgy, great depth, rock mass, stress-strain state, underground excavation, backfill, room, pillar, roof, safety

Abstract >>
The authors develop a version of a compound technology with consolidating backfilling and caving for thick flat body of polymetals. Numerical evaluation shows that the technology with the cover caving above consolidating backfill ensures higher safety of mining.
																								



16.
New Technology and Equipment for Non-Blasting Formation of Free Face in Deep Open Pit Mines

S. YA. LEVENSON1, M. A. LANTSEVICH1, L. I. GENDLINA1, A. N. AKISHEV2
1Chinakal Institute of Mining, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Krasnyi pr. 54, Novosibirsk, 630091 Russia
2Yakutniproalmaz Institute, ALROSA, ul. Lenina 39, Mirny, 678175 Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), Russia
Keywords: глубокий карьер, струг с молотковым ротором, комбинированный транспорт, перегрузочный пункт, бункер, вибропитатель, автомобильный отвал, безопасность, отвалообразователь, уплотнитель отвального массива, deep open pit mine, mining plough with rotor carrying swing hammers, intermodal transport, load/unload station, bin, vibrating feeders, dump truck-aided stockpiling, safety, spreader, dump surface compactor

Abstract >>
The described technology and equipment enable eliminating drilling-and-blasting in open pit mining. The authors also discuss usability of transfer bins with vibrating discharge in combination with intermodal transport and adaptability of vibratory machines to dump truck-aided stockpiling.
																								



17.
Rock Bolting Improvement for Coal Mines in Permafrost Regions

E. A. RAZUMOV1, V. I. KLISHIN2, G. YU. OPRUK2, P. V. GRECHISHKIN2
1RANK 2, Sovetskii pr. 7, Kemerovo, 650000 Russia
2Institute of Coal, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Leningradskii pr. 10, Kemerovo, 650065 Russia
Keywords: анкерная крепь, горная выработка, зона многолетней мерзлоты, ореол оттаивания, теплопроводность массива, теплоизоляционный материал, rock bolt support, underground excavation, permafrost region, thawing envelope, rock mass heat consuctivity, thermal insulator

Abstract >>
The authors give basic design procedures for two-level rock bolt support in underground mining in permafrost regions. The use of rock bolting in combination with heat insulation on a test site in Dzhebariki-Khaya Coal Mine is studied.
																								



18.
Determination of Activity/Selectivity Ratio in Physical and Chemical Adsorption of a Reagent

S. A. KONDRAT’EV1, N. P. MOSHKIN2, E. A. BURDAKOVA1
1Chinakal Institute of Mining, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Krasnyi pr. 54, Novosibirsk, 630091 Russia
2Lavrentiev Institute of Hydrodynamics, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, pr. Akademika Lavrentieva 15, Novosibirsk, 630090 Russia
Keywords: флотация, гидрофобность, минеральные частицы, физическая и химическая формы сорбции, расклинивающее давление, селективность, прослойка жидкости, flotation, hydrophobicity, mineral particles, physical and chemical adsorption, wedging pressure, selectivity, liquid interlayer

Abstract >>
Under discussion is the particle and bubble interaction in froth flotation. Water flow from an interlayer between the particle and the bubble under effect of hydrophobic component of wedging pressure is studied. It is assumed that for a mineral to be extracted, electrostatic interaction slightly influences the particle and bubble contingence and the liquid interlayer thinning. For this reason, particular attention is given to the effect exerted by mineral particle surface hydrophobicity on water flow rate from the interlayer. It is found that water flow rate under influence of hydrophobic component of wedging pressure is less than water flow rate under physical adsorption of a reagent. The authors hypothesize that hydrophobization creates areas on the mineral particle surface, where the reagent species active relative to gas-water interface attach in accordance with the polarity equalizing rule. Physically adsorbed reagent species pull out water from the interlayer after the interlayer rupture and, thus, remove the kinetic constraint of the particle-bubble attachment.
																								



19.
Mineralogical Test and Production Research of Gold Mine Waste

M. A. GURMAN, L. I. SHCHERBAK, R. V. BOGOMYAKOV, E. V. VYLEGZHANINA
Institute of Mining, Far East Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. Turgeneva 51, Khabarovsk, 680000 Russia
Keywords: техногенные образования, золото, платина, извлечение, гравитационное обогащение, магнитная сепарация, mine waste, gold, platinum, recovery, gravity concentration, magnetic separation

Abstract >>
Placer gold mining waste may be assumed an important source to replenish mineral and raw materials supply of the gold mining industry in Russia’s Far East. The tests are carried out on samples of placer gold mine waste of gravel size and fines. The article gives mineralogical and petrographical characteristics of the samples. Admixtures of platinum, silver, titanium and iron are traced in the sample composition. Results of the gravity concentration with the preliminary magnetic separation of the samples are reported. The yield of magnetic fraction makes 39.77%, and it is found that magnetite contains titanium. Gold recovery in the gravity concentrate is 91.6% with 0.06 g/t content of platinum and 57.7 g/t content of silver.
																								



20.
Composition and Properties of Highly Dispersed Particles Generated under Sulfide Ore Milling

YU. L. MIKHLIN1, S. A. VOROB’EV1,2, S. V. KARASEV1, A. S. ROMANCHENKO1, A. A. KARACHAROV1, E. S. KAMENSKY1, E. A. BURDAKOVA2
1Institute of Chemistry and Chemical Technology, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Akademgorodok 50, Bld. 24, Krasnoyarsk, 660036 Russia
2Siberian Federal University, Svobodnyi pr. 79, Krasnoyarsk, 660036 Russia
Keywords: руды цветных металлов, высокодисперсные частицы, коллоидные частицы, гранулометрический анализ, лазерная дифракция, динамическое рассеяние света, дзета-потенциал, рентгеновская фотоэлектронная спектроскопия, nonferrous metal ores, highly dispersed particles, colloid particles, grain-size composition analysis, laser diffraction, dynamic light scattering, zeta-potential, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

Abstract >>
Laser diffraction analysis and dynamic light scattering method are used to study highly dispersed particles generated during milling of lead-zinc ore (Gorevskoe deposit), rich sulfide and impregnated copper-nickel ore (Norilsk and Kingash deposits), as well as Gorevskoe Pb concentrate and Sorskoe deposit Cu and Mo concentrates. Zeta-potentials of particles are measured in clarified (colloid) solution above precipitation; surface composition of ores and their fine sizes is analyzed using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The highest yield of particles under 5 μm size grade (to 3 total percent) was observed in case of Kingash ore; moreover, zeta-potential of these particles was positive at pH 9.5 and surface compositions of precipitation and colloid particles were nearly the same. Comparatively high content of ultra dispersed fractions was observed in case of Gorevskoe ore and Pb concentrate. Clarified solutions contained mostly aggregates of nano-size particles, first of all, Si and Mg minerals, with the hydrodynamic diameter of 500-1200 nm, which shows little changes with time. Sulfide component of hydrosols contains many nano-size particles of minerals that better resist oxidation (sphalerite, molybdenite, pentlandite, chalcopyrite) and, in particular, can transfer metals in the ambient medium.
																								



21.
Effects of Surface Structure Changes on Reactivity of Scheelite after Mechanical Activation

E. V. BOGATYREVA, A. G. ERMILOV
National Research University of Science and Technology-MISIS, Leninskii pr. 4, Moscow, 119049 Russia
Keywords: вольфрам, шеелитовый концентрат, предварительная механоактивация, содовое выщелачивание, рентгеноструктурный анализ, энергосбережени, wolfram, scheelite concentrate, preliminary mechanical activation, sodium leaching, X-ray structure analysis, energy saving

Abstract >>
The article illustrates feasibility of prediction of change in energy content and reactivity of scheelite concentrate after mechanical activation based on the data of X-ray structure analysis under onward low-temperature (under 100°С) sodium leaching. The complex nature of change in the energy content and reactivity of mechanically activated scheelite under influence of structural changes in mineral particles is determined. It is confirmed that energy accumulated in the form of surface energy and micro-deformations during mechanical activation affects performance of further leaching. The procedure and criteria developed to estimate efficiency of mechanical activation of scheelite make a technical background for energy-saving technology of scheelite concentrate treatment directly at mining and processing plants.
																								



22.
Alteration of Water-Resistance Properties of Overburden under the Influence of Sulfuric Acid

M. B. NOSYREV, A. I. SEMYACHKOV, L. P. PARFENOVA, V. V. KUCHIN
Ural State Mining University, ul. Kuibysheva 30, Ekaterinburg, 220030 Russia
Keywords: месторождение, отвал, окисленные руды, кучное выщелачивание, deposit, stock pile, oxidized ore, heap leaching

Abstract >>
Integrated development of Volkov copper-iron-vanadium deposit is impossible without heap leaching of copper from old oxidized and mixed ore stock pile. The current condition of the stock pile imposes risks of pollution on the Lai River water and on the topmost aquifer groundwater. The natural protection barrier between the groundwater and the old oxidized and mixed ore stock pile is rather good. Permeability of the upper layer of the stock pile, determined by the standard procedure in accordance with the construction norms and regulations, is classified with ambiguousness. For final decision-making after geological engineering survey, permeability characteristics of the upper layer were analyzed using different concentration sulfuric acid solutions to simulate heap leaching conditions.
																								



23.
Identification of Pollutant Clusters in Trade Effluent in Kuzbass

V. N. OPARIN1, V. P. POTAPOV2, A. B. LOGOV2, E. L. SCHASTLIVTSEV2, N. I. YUKINA2
1Chinakal Institute of Mining, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Krasnyi pr. 54, Novosibirsk, 630091 Russia
2Institute of Computational Technologies, ul. Rukavishnikova 21, Kemerovo, 650025 Russia
Keywords: энтропийный метод, загрязнения, ингредиенты, водные объекты, промышленные сбросы, угледобывающие предприятия Кузбасса, кластеры, entropy analysis, pollution, ingredients, water bodies, trade effluent, coal mines, Kuzbass, clusters

Abstract >>
The entropy analysis is used to study composition of trade effluent in the Kemerovo Region. A number of clusters of pollutants are detected in organic and metal-bearing water solutions (aniline, fats, oils, oil products, phenols, synthetic surfactants, silicon, fluorine, chromium, cyanides, aluminium, vanadium, iron, magnesium, copper, nickel, lead, zinc, nitrates, nitrites, ammonia nitrogen). The evolution of population of the pollutants in surface water bodies in 2008-2013 is illustrated. It is found that water quality of most water bodies in the discussed mining region is beyond standard.
																								



24.
Environmental Mineralogy in Mineral Mining

V. A. CHANTURIA, E. G. OZHOGINA, I. V. SHADRUNOVA
Institute of Integrated Mineral Development-IPKON, Russian Academy of Sciences, Kryukovskii tupik 4, Moscow 11102 Russia
Keywords: геоэкология, экологическая минералогия, форма нахождения элемента, техногенное сырье, geoecology, environmental mineralogy, element occurrence, mining waste

Abstract >>
The scope of the discussion embraces main definitions of a constituent of the geoecology-environmental mineralogy. The main research areas, objectives and subjects of the environmental mineralogy are specified. It is highlighted that yet no regulating documents are available for mineralogical analyses during environmental appraisal of mineral mining objects.
																								



25.
Down-the-Hole Unbalance Vibration Exciter for Seismic Treatment of Face Zone

S. V. SERDYUKOV, L. A. RYBALKIN, P. A. DERGACH, A. S. SERDYUKOV, A. V. AZAROV
Chinakal Institute of Mining, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Krasnyi pr. 54, Novosibirsk, 630091 Russia
Keywords: скважинный сейсмический источник, вибрационное воздействие, породный массив, сейсмические колебания, спектральный состав, down-the-hole seismic source, vibrational impact, rock mass, seismic vibration, spectral content

Abstract >>
The down-the-hole unbalance vibration exciter with the pneumatic drive is designed to treat face zone in the seismic frequency range. The modular-type source consists of a vibration generator with the automated stepped static moment variation, a hold-down unit and an in-built pneumatic percussive device to advance the facility in uncased holes. The article gives pilot test data on R&D model of the vibration exciter, and amplitude-frequency characteristic and spectral content of the excited signal.