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Scientific journal “Vestnik NSUEM”

2016 year, number 2


N.M. Volovskaya, L.K. Plyusnina, A.V. Rusina
Novosibirsk State University of Economics and Management, Str. Kamenskaya, 56, Novosibirsk, 630099, Russia
Keywords: самозанятость, незанятое население, безработица, трудовой потенциал, социально-демографические характеристики, self-employment, the employed, unemployment, labor potential, social and demographic characteristics


The article, following the results of the sociological research conducted in monitored mode via the uniform technique in Novosibirsk region, analyzes social and demographic characteristics of unemployed population in relation to self-employment. The unemployed citizens, who expressed readiness to perform self-employment, are referred to labor potential of self-employment. The analysis of social and demographic characteristics is carried out in a view of separate forms of self-employment: setting-up of own business, work at personal subsidiary economy, farming. The following categories were studied: gender, age, education level, profession before job loss, marital status, existence and number of children. The conclusion is drawn that many of unemployed people can carry out self-employment, which, certainly, without being panacea from unemployment, is capable to provide realization of needs of rather essential part of rural population, work and earn. Apart from income as a source of subsistence, self-employment forms an important position of social activity of unemployed population as opposed to the existing social dependency of separate part of the unemployed population. These people need help, the relief measures must be realized both on federal, and on regional levels.