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Humanitarian sciences in Siberia

2016 year, number 1

DEMOGRAPHIC DEVELOPMENT OF URBAN POPULATION OF WESTERN SIBERIA IN THE 1960s-1980s: SPECIFICS OF DYNAMICS OF THE AGE AND GENDER COMPOSITION
RETRACTEDВ 

O.B. Dashinamzhilov1,2
1Institute of History SB RAS, 8, Ak. Nikolayeva Str., Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia
2Research division of the Novosibirsk state University, 2, Pirogova Str., Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia
Keywords: demography, population, city, urbanization, Western Siberia, age and gender structure, region

Abstract

The paper presents research findings on the structural characteristics of Western Siberian urban population. The purpose of the article is to show peculiarities of these transformations in the 1960s - 1980s. Detailed analysis of the age and gender composition of population is necessary for the reconstruction of demographic processes. This would facilitate explaining the current and future dynamics of reproduction and migration. In order to understand specifics of demographic development of urban population in Western Siberia in the 1960s-1980s the author carries out analysis of dynamics of its age and gender composition. Theory of urban transition developed by the Russian scientist A.S. Senyavskyi serves as a methodological foundation for the research. The author used a set of statistical mathematical methods along with special methods of historical cognition: historical-genetic and historical-comparative. In the course of research it was revealed that in the eastern areas of the country the age structure was characterized by a higher proportion of youth and a lower share of people over the age of 60 due to migrations that contributed significantly to the local population growth. It is shown that the preceding period of history had a great impact on the age structure as it suffered from numerous falls and vast gender disproportion, although in Western Siberia it was less than the national average in the RSFSR. It is revealed that consecutive ageing of population in Western Siberia occurred as quickly as in the RSFSR in general despite the ongoing development of the Western Siberian Oil and Gas Complex. Quantitative differences between the numbers and average age of men and women gradually narrowed. Continuous concentration of economic potential in big cities and several regions was a distinctive feature of the last stage of Soviet modernization. Against this historical background there were increasing inter-regional differences in structural characteristics of population that had been hardly noticeable previously.