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Region: Economics and Sociology

2015 year, number 4

Hydroeconomic problems of Crimea and their solutions

Institute of Economics and Industrial Engineering, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Ac. Lavrentiev av., 17, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia
Keywords: Крым, дефицит водных ресурсов, социально-экономические и экологические последствия, пути снижения водохозяйственной напряженности, первоочередные меры по водообеспечению, программы развития, Crimea, water supply shortage, socio-economic and environmental impacts, ways to ease hydroeconomic tensions, premium water supply measures, development programs


The article characterizes the hydroeconomic situation in Crimea. It is necessary to solve both the problems that have accumulated in the water industry and the new ones emerged from the Ukrainian government's political decisions as a reaction to the reunification of Crimea with Russia. We describe the socio-economic and environmental impacts of a deliberately created water supply shortage. In this paper, we analyzed the ways to ease hydroeconomic tensions and related problems and examined premium water supply measures in Crimea and their implementation results, as well as development programs for the region. The study showed that by redistributing local water resources (river runoff and groundwater) over the territory, the government can ensure the supply of drinking and domestic water in Crimea. However, the region still experiences a problem with agricultural water since it does not have resources sufficient to develop irrigation farming. Large reserves for increasing water resources arise from a reduction of their losses (in housing and communal sector, and during land reclamation) and rational water use (especially by reducing/eliminating the use of clean drinking water for technical needs). We believe that the major way to decrease water shortage and satisfy the needs of agriculture and industry is to desalinate seawater. International experience proves this water supply method is efficient.