Publishing House SB RAS:

Publishing House SB RAS:

Address of the Publishing House SB RAS:
Morskoy pr. 2, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia

Advanced Search

Siberian Journal of Forest Science

2015 year, number 3

Modeling of Pheromone Communication System of Forest Lepidopterous Insects. II. Model of Female Searching by Male

A. V. Kovalev, P. E. Volkova
International Scientific Center for Study of Extreme Men States Krasnoyarsk Scientific Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, Siberian Branch, Akademgorodok, 50, Krasnoyarsk, 660036 Russian Federation
Keywords: лесные чешуекрылые насекомые, поиск самки самцом, феромоны, система коммуникации, управление, forest lepidopterous insects, female searching by mail, pheromones, communication system, management


We propose an agent-based simulation model search. This model allows us to evaluate the effectiveness of different males-females pheromone search strategies for Lepidoptera. In the model, we consider the simplest case of the search, when the pheromone has only one chemical component. It is assumed that the insects are able to detect the pheromone molecules and the sensory cells generate action potentials in contact with the pheromone for some time. Thereafter pheromone molecule is inactivated. This behavior can be regarded as a memory of individual. Proportion of individuals who have reached the source is selected as an integral indicator of the search efficiency. To evaluate the effectiveness, numeric experiments were performed in different conditions: random walk, search algorithm without memory, and algorithm with memory and return mechanism. The resulting effectiveness of source localization by insects for flight in turbulent flows is ~ 70 %, which corresponds to experiments with live specimens in literature. In this case, proposed pheromone search algorithm is quite simple, which makes it biologically correct. Conducted modeling calculations can be the starting point for planning of field observations and pest monitoring systems using pheromone traps.