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Siberian Journal of Forest Science

2015 year, number 3

Cellular-Automata Model of the Dwarf Shrubs Populations and Communities Dynamics

A. S. Komarov, E. V. Zubkova, P. V. Frolov
Institute of Physicochemical and Biological Problems in Soil Science, Russian Academy of Sciences, Institutskaya str., 2, Pushchino, Moscow Oblast, 142290 Russian Federation
Keywords: имитационная модель, популяции растений, клеточные автоматы, L-системы, динамика биосистем, кустарнички, simulation model, plant populations, cellular automatons, L-systems, biosystem dynamics, dwarf shrubs


The probabilistic cellular-automata model of development and long-time dynamics of dwarf shrub populations and communities is developed. It is based on the concept of discrete description of the plant ontogenesis and joint model approaches in terms of probabilistic cellular automata and L-systems by Lindenmayer. Short representation of the basic model allows evaluation of the approach and software implementation. The main variables of the model are a number of partial bushes in clones or area projective cover. The model allows us to investigate the conditions of self-maintenance and sustainability population under different environmental conditions (inaccessibility of the territory for settlement, mosaic moisture conditions of soil and wealth). The model provides a forecast of the total biomass dynamics shrubs and their fractions (stems, leaves, roots, fine roots, fruits) on the basis of the data obtained in the discrete description of ontogenesis and further information on the productivity of the plant fractions. The inclusion of the joint dynamics of biomass of shrubs and soil in EFIMOD models cycle of carbon and nitrogen to evaluate the role of shrubs in these circulations, especially at high impact, such as forest fires and clear cutting, allow forecasting of the dynamics of populations and ecosystem functions of shrubs (regulation of biogeochemical cycles maintaining biodiversity, participation in the creation of non-wood products) with changing climatic conditions and strong damaging effects (logging, fires); and application of the models developed to investigate the stability and productivity of shrubs and their participation in the cycle of carbon and nitrogen in different climatic and edaphic conditions.