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Humanitarian sciences in Siberia

2015 year, number 2

THE STATE SUPPORT OF WAR VETERANS IN THE AUTONOMOUS REGIONS OF SOUTH SIBERIA DURING THE EARLY POST-WAR PERIOD

M. M.-B. KHARUNOVA
Tuvan Institute for the Study of Humanities, 4, Kochetov St., Kyzyl, 667000, Republic of Tyva
Keywords: war veterans, laws, decrees, resolutions, demobilization, employment, living conditions, benefits, autonomous region

Abstract

After the end of World War II, the USSR, along with many other important objectives faced the task of providing social support to for the veterans returning from combat duty. Main guidelines of social policy in this sphere were defined in the Law On Demobilization of the Older Military Personnel of the Acting Army; Decrees of the USSR Supreme Soviet On Demobilization of the Second Term Personnel of the Red Army of September 25, 1945, On Demobilization of the Third Term Personnel of the Army and Air Force of March 20, 1946, On Regular Demobilization of Army Personnel of October 22, 1946 and On Regular Demobilization of Armed Forces Personnel of February 4, 1947; Resolution On Measures to Be Undertaken to Provide Ex-Servicemen, Families of Fallen Soldiers, Disabled War Veterans and Families of Servicemen with Help and Assistance. It was not an easy task to provide former frontline soldiers with necessary assistance in the regions of South Siberia - Altai, Tuva, Khakasia - due to a difficult social-economic situation in these regions. The responsibilities of republican, territorial, regional, municipal and district military commissariats and social security agencies were to help the discharged servicemen with registration, documents preparation so that they could obtain passports and ration cards, employment, housing, professional training, pecuniary aid, tax remissions, social benefits, pensions and many others. The government supported the families of war veterans, including families and children of the perished soldiers. Though the executive authorities and social security agencies tried to do their best, implementation of the state policy towards the ex-servicemen encountered certain difficulties, particularly with respect to their employment, which, unfortunately, were typical of the whole country.