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Humanitarian sciences in Siberia

2015 year, number 2

ON THE QUESTION OF THE SCALES OF MILITARY MOBILIZATIONS IN WESTERN SIBERIA DURING THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR

V.A. Isupov
Institute of History of SB RAS, 8 Nikolaev St., Novosibirsk, 630090
Keywords: military mobilizations, conscripts, abolition of grounds for exemption from military service, human potential, human resources, population

Abstract

The object of the article is military mobilizations in Western Siberia during the Great Patriotic War; its subject is the scale of military mobilizations. The objective is to uncover poorly studied aspect of the problem, such as quantitative characteristics and social consequences of mobilizations. In order to achieve the formulated aim the author solves the following tasks: identifying the human resources in Western Siberia; discovering the number and structure of the mobilized troops; showing economic consequences of mobilization; revealing the mobilization impact upon the demographic situation in Siberia; analyzing the reaction of party and economic leaders as well as that of the mobilized people to the large-scale mobilizations. The author used such historical sources as archival materials from the military departments of the All-Russian Communist Party obkoms, kraikoms, gorkoms and raikoms (regional, municipal and district committees) that participated in the mobilization process exercising the party control over military commissariats. Unlike the well-studied labor mobilizations the military mobilizations remained neglected by historians. In fact, they are among the most understudied subjects in domestic historiography. Taking these lacunas in consideration the article explores not only the scale of mobilizations in Western Siberia but also their course; briefly analyzes social-demographic and economic consequences of large-scale mobilizations. The article shows the influence of mobilizations and conscriptions upon the dynamics of the age-sex structure of the population and changes of nuptiality. It reflects such complicated problem as the effect of mobilizations on the structure of the labour resources; analyzes the conflict between the military and civilian services. The author describes the conscription process of workers and employees assigned to enterprises; addresses a poorly studied issue of citizen’s evasion of military registration and draft into the Red Army.