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Humanitarian sciences in Siberia

2014 year, number 4

CONTRIBUTION OF THE SIBERIAN SCIENTISTS TO THE STUDY OF ARCTICS PETROLEUM POTENTIAL IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE XX CENTURY

N.A. Kupershtokh
Institute of History of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IH SB RAS), Russia, 630090, Novosibirsk, Akad. Nikolaev str., 8
Keywords: Arctic, hydrocarbon resources, Institute of geology and geophysics of Siberian Branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences, Institute of geology of Siberian Branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences, the Program Siberia, A.A. Trofimuk, N.V. Cherskiy, V.S. Surkov, A.E. Kontorovich, V.N. Saks, I.I. Nesterov

Abstract

At the present time the Russian Federation carries out the state complex program of studying and development of the Arctics resource base for the purpose of meeting Russias demand for hydrocarbon resources. The study of Arctic is becoming a topical issue in the light of many objectives. One of them is preparation of the National Atlas of the Arctic, which is to embrace all scientific knowledge about the region, including geological substantiation of the resource potential of its subsoil. Many academic organizations participated in the geological study of the Arctic zone. The article considers results of activities of the Siberian scientists working at the West Siberian branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences, the Institute of geology and geophysics (Novosibirsk) and the Institute of geology (Yakutia) of the Siberian Branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences. These researchers provided prognosis and rationale for exploration of the largest mineral deposits in the Arctic zone of Siberia, realization of projects on development of hydrocarbons in the Arctic. After establishment of academic institutes in Siberia the coordination of research activities related to hydrocarbons in the Arctic reached a new level. This large-scale research was conducted in the framework of the program «Siberia. Many leading scientists-geologists including Academicians A.A. Trofimuk, N.V. Cherskiy, V.S. Surkov, A.. Kontorovich and Corresponding Members V.N. Saks, I.I. Nesterov were among the programs coordinators. Investigations carried out within the framework of «Siberia increased the level of fundamental and applied research. The conclusions drawn by the Siberian scientists served as the basis for planning the oil and gas fields exploration in the region. For the first time the perspectives of the Siberian Arctic zones development were comprehensively studied and exploration of the nature resources was regarded in close connection with solving socio-economic and environmental problems. The overall contribution of the SB RAS institutes to organization of fundamental research in the Arctic zone of Russia, solving the problems of socio-economic development of the Polar regions and studying the Arctic geology, biology and ecology has been tremendous and still awaits comprehensive study.