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Siberian Journal of Forest Science

2014 year, number 4


K. V. Krutovsky1,2,3,4
1Siberian Federal University, Akademgorodok, 50a/2, Krasnoyarsk, 660036 Russian Federation
2N. I. Vavilov Institute of General Genetics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Gubkin str., 3, Moscow, 119333 Russian Federation
3University of Göttingen, Büsgenweg, 2, Göttingen, D-37077 Germany
4Texas A&M University, HFSB 305, 2138 TAMU, College Station, Texas, 77843 USA
Keywords: genome, de novo sequencing, Siberian larch (Larix sibirica Ledeb.), Siberian stone pine (Pinus sibirica Du Tour), Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.), boreal forest, phytopathogens, forestry


Conifers are keystone species of boreal forests. Their whole genome sequencing, assembly and annotation will allow us to understand the evolution of the complex ancient giant conifer genomes that are 4 times larger in larch and 7–9 times larger in pines than the human genome. Genomic studies will allow also to obtain important whole genome sequence data and develop highly polymorphic and informative genetic markers, such as microsatellites and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that can be efficiently used in timber origin identification, for genetic variation monitoring, to study local and climate change adaptation and in tree improvement and conservation programs.