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Thermophysics and Aeromechanics

2014 year, number 2

Stability of supersonic boundary layer on a porous plate with a flexible coating

S.A. Gaponov and N.M. Terekhova
Khristianovich Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia
Keywords: supersonic boundary layer, hydrodynamic stability, laminar-turbulent transition


The development of disturbances in the boundary layer of compressible gas on a flexible surface has been investigated in the linear and nonlinear approximations (the weakly nonlinear stability theory). The regimes of mode-rate (the Mach number М = 2) and high (М = 5.35) supersonic velocities as well as a model of a porous wall, on which a flexible film is spanned, have been considered. The boundary conditions for disturbances with regard for their trans-formation by a flexible porous coating have been derived. The character of the variation of the coefficients of the stream-wise growth of linear oscillations of different nature (the vortex waves of the first mode and the acoustic waves of the second mode) is shown. The direction and the degree of their deformations are determined by the flexible coating parameters. It is found that at moderate Mach numbers, the stabilization of disturbances and the diminution of increments occur, whereas at high М on a surface with a film, the acoustic components are destabilized, which may lead to an earlier onset of nonlinear processes. The nonlinear interactions in three-wave symmetric triplets between the vortex waves at М = 2 and between the waves of different nature at М = 5.35 are considered. In the latter case, the plane acoustic wave is the pumping wave, which excites the three-dimensional subharmonic components of vortex nature.