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Russian Geology and Geophysics

2014 year, number 1

CRYSTALLIZATION HISTORY OF PALEOZOIC GRANITOIDS IN THE OL'KHON REGION, LAKE BAIKAL (SHRIMPII ZIRCON DATING)

V.A. Makrygina1, E.V. Tolmacheva2, E.N. Lepekhina3
1A.P. Vinogradov Institute of Geochemistry, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. Favorskogo 1a, Irkutsk, 664033, Russia
2Institute of the Precambrian Geology and Geochronology, Russian Academy of Sciences, nab. Makarova 2, St. Petersburg, 199034, Russia
3A.P. Karpinsky Russian Geological Research Institute, V.O., Srednii pr. 74, St. Petersburg, 199106, Russia
Keywords: Granitoids, metamorphism, tectonic processes, zircons, inclusions, age

Abstract

At the Center of Isotope Studies of the A.P. Karpinsky Russian Geological Research Institute, the structure and isotope composition of zircons from two granitoid complexes, the age of their sequential growth zones, and the hosted inclusions have been studied using a SHRIMP-II ion mass spectrometer. The zircons consist of deformed cores with crystalline melt inclusions and of shells: inner, with glassy, partly devitrified inclusions, and outer metamorphogene, with fluid inclusions. Judging from the zircon zoning, crystallization of melts of both complexes proceeded in several stages: (1) The generation of melts and the beginning of zircon core growth (505 and 493 Ma) were synchronous with the overthrusting in the Olkhon region; (2) The rapid ascent of melts (the inner shell, 479 and 475 Ma) together with the host rocks was caused by upthrust faulting and shear dislocations; (3) The metamorphogene shell (456 Ma) reflects the second stage of metamorphism. At the same time, the Shara-Nur migmatitegranite complex corresponds in composition, structures, and textures to syncollisional K-granites, whereas the differentiated Khaidai gabbro-dioritedioritegranodioritegranite complex is close in geochemical features (similar to those of the Anga sequence metavolcanics) and the mantle (juvenile) source of substance to the recent island-arc magmatism. It is suggested that the Caledonian island-arc magmatism was close in time to the accretion of the sediments of back-arc basin (Olkhon Group) to the continental margin, on the one hand, and to the island-arc block, on the other.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rgg.2013.12.010