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Philosophy of Sciences

2013 year, number 2

The physiophilosophy tradition of the antique natural history and Alexandria school in the III century. Part I

D.A. Balalykin, A.P. Sheglov, N.P. Shok
Keywords: history of medicine, history of science, antique natural history, Alexandria school, Galen, Eusebius of Caesarea, Dionysius of Alexandria


Article is devoted to an actual problem of history of natural sciences – to physiophilosophy and medicine interference in the III century. This period of history of antique natural sciences is characterized by huge importance of the processes happening in medicine: at a boundary of the II–III centuries in medicine there is an important change – Galen's anatomo–physiological system is formed. In article the special place and value of the Alexandria school in natural sciences development within which the synergy of ancient philosophy and Christian theology was provided is also in detail analyzed.