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Philosophy of Sciences

2013 year, number 2

The evolution of ancient cosmogonies: a trial to analyze rational basis of Mesopotamian, Egyptian and Greek cosmogonical myths and their substantial transferention – I

I.I. Litovka
Keywords: cosmogony, mythology, natural philosophy, Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, rational content


The paper deals with revelation and study of rational basis in the content of ancient cosmogonical myths of Mesopotamia, Egypt and Greece. The purpose is to retrace correlation of conceptions of the origin of the Universe and their change in comparison with views of the earliest antique natural philosophers (Presocratics).The analysis is carried out by semantic unification of main concepts in the spirit of more rational Greek philosophy. It makes possible to reveal an substantial structure of knowledge as well as to find and compare signs of transcultural evolution of ancient cosmogonies.