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Combustion, Explosion and Shock Waves

2013 year, number 4

Continuous Spin Detonation of Synthesis GasAir Mixtures

F. A. Bykovskii, S. A. Zhdan, E. F. Vedernikov
Keywords: continuous spin detonation, synthesis gas, air, transverse detonation wave, combustor, fuel injection system

Abstract

Regimes of continuous detonation burning of synthesis gas–air mixtures in transverse (spinning) detonation waves are obtained for the first time in an annular cylindrical flow-type combustor. Carbon oxidehydrogen mixtures with volume proportions of [CO]/[H2] = 1/1, 1/2, and 1/3 are studied in a wide range of fuel-to-air equivalence ratios. The maximum detonation wave velocity equal to 1.57 km/s is observed for the mixture of CO + 3H2 + air with a moderate (about 15%) excess of the fuel. The limits of existence of continuous detonation in terms of the equivalence ratio and the minimum specific flow rate of the mixture are determined. The range of detonation regimes obtained is constructed in the coordinates of the equivalence ratiospecific flow rate of the mixture.