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Thermophysics and Aeromechanics

2013 year, number 2

Modelling of multi-vortex convection of fine alloying components in the molten pool under the laser radiation

A.M. Gurin and O.B. Kovalev
Khristianovich Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia
Keywords: laser radiation, metal, melting, thermocapillary convection, fine admixture, mathematical modelling


The work is devoted to the mathematical modelling and numerical solution of the problems of conjugate micro-convection, which arises under the laser radiation action in the metal melt with surface-active refractory disperse components added for the modification, hardening, and doping of the treated surface. A multi-vortex structure of the melt flow has been obtained, the number of vortices in which depends on the surface tension variation, on the temperature and power of laser radiation. Special attention is paid to the numerical modelling of the behavior in the melt of the substrate of disperse admixture consisting of the tungsten carbide particles. The role of microconvection in the distribution of powder particles in the surface layer of the substrate after its cooling is shown.