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Region: Economics and Sociology

2011 year, number 1

The international competitiveness of R&D

Á. Török
Keywords: European Union, scientific and research works, R&D, competitiveness, assessment, methods, innovations
Pages: 275-293


The paper compares the rating methods for analyzing the international positions of Europe and Hungary in R&D competition, and considers the correlation of elements of the national innovation system in Hungary. The author concludes that still there is no satisfactory technique to have reliable comparisons but despite the methodological shortcomings the deteriorated respective positions of the EU and Hungary in the global economic competition, as some indicators show, can be observed within the recent decades. Reasons why this happened and the arguments for current necessity of greater R&D expenses to increase the competitiveness of the EU are presented.