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Russian Geology and Geophysics

2005 year, number 12


A.A. Shiryaev1, 2, E.S. Izraeli3, E.H. Hauri4, O.D. Zakharchenko5, O. Navon3
1Institute of Crystallography of the RAS, 59 Leninsky prosp., Moscow 119333, Russia
2 Bayerisches Geoinstitut, 30 Universitatstr., Bayreuth 95440, Bayreuth, Germany
3 Institute of Earth Sciences, The Hebrew University, Jerusalem, 91904, Israel
4 Department of Terrestrial Magnetism, Carnegie Institution of Washington,
5241 Broad Branch Road, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20015, USA
5 TsNIGRI, 129B Varshavskoe shosse, Moscow, Russia
Keywords: Fibrous diamonds, carbonate and silicate inclusions, chemical and isotopic composition
Pages: 1185-1201


One coated and two cubic fibrous diamonds from Brazil carry microinclusions that contain fluids with wide range of composition. Fluid chemistry is similar to that found in diamonds from Botswana and varies between a carbonatitic end-member rich in carbonate, CaO, FeO, MgO, and K2O and a silicic end-member rich in water, SiO2, Al2O3, and K2O. The main difference from the Botswanan set is the wider range of compositions sampled by individual diamonds. One diamond, BR-5, is unique and records growth from two contrasting compositions. The inner part grew from silicic fluid, and the outer part, from a carbonate-rich one. Carbon isotopic compositions vary between diamonds and radially within individual diamonds. Silicic fluids are associated with heavier isotopic compositions (most analyses >-5‰); carbonate-rich fluids with lighter values (most analyses <-5‰). Radial evolution in different diamonds is contrasting but is mostly towards the median value of -5‰. Nitrogen isotopes show more scatter but correlate positively with carbon isotopic composition. It is suggested that fluid chemistry and diamond isotopic composition are affected mainly by fractionation of carbonates and diamonds (and possibly silicates). Separation of CO2 and interaction of the fluid with host-rock carbon may also be important in controlling the isotopic composition.