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1.
P P. CP CPC P P C CP C

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c P, 123995, c, . . pc, 10, Pcc
* c C P, 630090, cpc, pc. , 3, Pcc
** cc cpc pc, 119992, c, c p, Pcc
: p, cc, cc , , , xp, c Cp, c.
: 841-861
:

>>
c p c cc p pc p c cc p . P ccx c pc 1-3 c 100-200 , cc, p. Cp c p c p pcx c x ≤10 . p p x cx c c cppcx x , ccx c p 20 . p p p 1 c ~100 . c Cp p c pp p x p. x cc , cx cx p cpc p p cx px c p -p px px. c cpc p p p p cc cp. c xp () p p cxpc pp c, c c c pc p p p p c c. x px cx p p pcx c p c 100-200 . p c c p p c c p p p cpx p p p c. p xc pcp c cppx x, pxc cc cpx p, p pcc cc pp.


2.
C-C , - CP XC P P P

.. c, .. x, . p*
c p C P, 630090, cpc, pc. , 3, Pcc
*Geochronology Group, Dept. of Mineralogy Petrology, Gheut University, 281/S8, Krijgslaan, B-9000, Cheut, Belgium
: , p, p, p, , p p, p cp p.
: 862-870
:

>>
c c pc cc p , c c p p cp p p p (AFT), p c c () c (pp). c p AFT 100 p p pc - . cp c pcc p p p Cp xc. c, pc p p , p c pc pc c p. c -pc Cp -, Cp xc pc c 11, 5 3 cc, c p p pcc p , p cpp c pc px . C p, c c c c p pc p cx px c p c c x, c -Cpc , c p p c pp cppx . p pc pcc p cpx p p c -Cpc c pcc .


3.
P PX PC X X C C CPC P: X PCX C

.. , .. c, .. x
c p C P, 630090, . cpc, pc. , 3, Pcc
: p- p, p, p, , Cpc p.
: 871-885
: P, X P

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p p cc cc px pc p-x p x p c -pxc p c c p. cc c cc p p p pcx p p , px c px pcx p pc pcc . p c , c c px p-x p px -pxc p c p , cp p c pp p p, c c x p c px p p c p p p-cx p ppp c c p.


4.
PP C P (pc cp, pc p)

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c C P, 630090, cpc, p. , 3, Pcc
: , , p, p, p c.
: 886-893
: P, X P

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p c c pxcx cc pccp p c p c 6.75 c pc cp (cp- Cpc p). , cx cc ( c ) ppc p, p px cpc c . p x-c p pcc p pc c cx pp.


5.
C P C pH, [O2] Eh X CPC XP

.. , .. Px, .C. C
c pc x C P, 630090, cpc, pc. p, 3, Pcc
: pp , x-pc p, c cc pc, p cc, p p.
: 894-905
: P, X P

>>
p c pH, [O2] Eh x c. p pc: cx pp xpp c, c x p px x c p; c pH [O2] pc c p c p ( cp p); Eh , pH [O2], xpp cp c p 2-3 . pp c c p c cc pc: c O2 CO2 cc c pcc c-cp, CO2 c c, x - , p-p c pcc , ppcp x p c . c cppp c p p c ( p). c p p x-pc cc c x ccx p p cc, c x pp Eh, pH [O2] - pxc .


6.
CP PX -C P

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c p C P, 630090, cpc, pc. , 3, Pcc
cpc cpc pc, 630090, cpc, . p, 2, Pcc
: p, c , cpp, c, p
: 906-918
: CPP

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p p cx x, cx p p cx px p 1983 . pc x p p cpp pc -c -c c pcx x p, xc px x. pc p pp, cc p c c (C-6, 5) cc c , c p cc (C-4) cc cpc . c cp cpc c . p c p (C-3, 2) xppc cp c cp p c , cc p.


7.
PҖCC. P X CC P

P.. xc, . c*, . pc*
, 450005, , . 8 p, 12, Pcc
* Baker Hughes, P.O. Box 670968 (77267-0968), 2001 Rankin Road, Houston, Texas 77073, USA
: c cc p, cc , pp p.
: 919-925
:

>>
p p x c cc p, cc cx cc cpc (xcc p c p). c () cc pp p. c cc, , p c p pc pcp c c, pcp cc. p pp, p cpcx cc p p c c , p, p pc p p.


8.
CCC C P CPC P CPC P:

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c p C P, 664033, pc, . p, 128, Pcc
: cpc ccc, pc, Cpc p.
: 926-938
:

>>
Pccpc p cccx px Cpc p cpc p, pcc c p p pc . x cccx c c px 2.5 4.2. c p pc, px pccc , xp ccc c p p. c cc ccc c p cc c x ccc cc p.