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1.
CC (H, O, Cl, Sr) X PCC CPC P

C.. c, .. c, .. , . p-C*, . p*, . **, ..
c p C P, 664033, pc, . p, 128, Pcc
* University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
** Centre de Geochimie de la Surface, Strasbourg, France
: px, c , pcc, c x , Cpc p.
: 291-304
: P, X P

>>
pc xcx ccx cc xpx pcc Cpc p. c c p p c cpx x cc pcp cx (2H, 18 37Cl) pccx cc, p-c, p c c pcx cc, x cp (87Sr/86Sr) pccx c c pc cc. P cc cp xcx x cc pcc Cpc p c cc pc pc pp pcc p c px cx c p.


2.
CC X C PX P PP P (x px)

.. p, . pc*, . p**, . ppc***, ..
c c C P, 664033, pc, . p, 128, Pcc
* International Bureau of Environmental Studies, Brussels, Belgium
** U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, USA
*** Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium
: c, p , pp pp, c , xc cc, p- p, x px, .
: 305-316
: P, X P

>>
cc -xcx c-ccx c cx, cc px p pp p , pc x px. p cc cc c cp ( c) pp p. c x c c cx cp p. cc p pcx px , x cc pcc p x , p pcc p pc cx cx p. p p pp x p cc cc, pcx px p c-pc p Cp p, pp pp cc cc p .


3.
XC - CP (Cp Cx)

C.. Pcc, .. C*, .. c*, .. c
c p C P, 664033, pc, . p, 128, Pcc
* c c c P,
690022, c, pc. 100- c, 159, Pcc
: , ccc, px, , , p, Cx.
: 317-329
: P, X P

>>
Cpc cc - p p 37-25 c p p p c , , px, px pxp cc pc cc p x c cx p ccc. xc cc p cc p p p p c px x c c cp . cc xpp p p -c Pcc. Cxc p cp c cc cp- c .


4.
X XC PC PX CC

.. Cc, .. p
c p C P, 664033, pc, . p, 128, Pcc
: Xc pc, p , pp, p-cc p, p.
: 330-343
: P, X P

>>
pc c c x pcx xcx c p, px p cc p p pc . c cp pppx p pp pc c pp, pp c ppp cx, pcx, x cpcx x. pp cc p p p-cc p, p x x p 2- p p pp p cpp p . Pccp pp xc pc c x, p c pc cc p px , px c p ccp .


5.
P P CX PC

.. , ..
c p, C P, 664033, pc, . p, 128, Pcc
: c, p, , pp, p .
: 344-349
: P, X P

>>
p p cc x p p . c, 1) c pc : xpc (c) c (); 2) c c c c cx p (c p p p) c p p, c , p c p. cc pcx p px p p p p , c x pc p x c. -p p p, c ; 3) cp cc pcc cp x p c pp c ( R = 0.89) c cp p p.


6.
-XC CC P CPC P

C.. cp, . p*, .. Cp**, .. , .. p***
c x C P, 664033, pc, pc, 1, Pcc
* Shinshu University, Matsumoto, 390-8621, Japan
** PC, 678170, p, . , 6, Pcc
*** c p C P, 664033, pc, . p, 128, Pcc
: p, pxc xc , cc.
: 350-371
: P, X P

>>
cc Sr Nd, p cc ( ICP-MS) pc p pcx p Cpc p. ppx x x c, px p p c pxcx xcx p, pcx px c c p c. c pxc p c p x cc c, cp x x c, FeO c, TiO2, K2O. xc p c p p p p px , x c.
c x xppc p pcx p Cpc p cc p p 1- px p p - x cc c p cc . c - p p c (pc), p xppc cc Sr Nd, cc p 2- (p).
cc pcp p cc ( p ) c x cc xc cc p. , p p c c cc, p, x cx c - pc, cx p ( p px ) xc cc p. C p, ccp pcx p cx cx p cp pp p x px . p, c cp c p pcx pxcx p. xc c p ccp pcx, p p p p c p pc .


7.
PP CC P C PCC CP- CP

.. c, .. cp, .. p
c p C P, 630090, cpc, pc. , 3, Pcc
: c pcc, p , pp cc, pp, Cp.
: 372-381
: P, X P

>>
p c pcc p Cc, px pc pcc p (Cpc p), pp cc p, pc p pp (Pt3Fe) c ppc CuRh2S4, p (Pt,Pd)S, c PdS, ppc (Rh,Pd,Pt)2 As c c cp , Pd3Te, xp RhAsS, c Cu Fe, c , , , p, , c.
p c pp cc p. Cc p, p pcpcp cp- c Cp, cp px pcc , cxc pc c , p px c.


8.
P CC C P PC C C P P () P CX PCX

.. Pc, ..
c p C P, 630090, cpc, pc. , 3, Pcc
: p, c, x pc, p, p , .
: 382-387
: P, X P

>>
p (pc 1 ) c c p p c p cp c cp pc (400-3000 /). pc p cp c cp 0 500 / cp. cc p (δ13C = -4.7 p -4.5 ) cc c x pcx p. cc c xppc c pc p pcp p pc, - cx p p.