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Humanitarian sciences in Siberia

2018 year, number 2

ON THE ISSUE OF RELIABILITY OF DATA ON CEREAL RESERVE SHOPS REFILLING IN ARKHANGELSK PROVINCE IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE XIX CENTURY

S.I. Chudov
State Budgetary Institution of Komi Republic CSZN of Ezhva district Syktyvkar, 167000, Komi Republic, Syktyvkar, Bumazhnikov Avenue, 42
Keywords: , , , , XIX , , , , cereal reserve shops, CIC MIA, governors’ reports, Arkhangelsk Province, XIX century, agrarian history, historical source, reliability

Abstract

The article determines the reliability degree of reports presented by the governors and the acting chief of the Central Inquiry Committee of the Ministry of Internal Affair (CIC MIA) based on the numbers comparison on cereals reserve stores refilling in Arkhangelsk Province in the second half of the XIX century. The methodology is based on the principles of historicism, systemacity and objectivity, the basic research technique is a historical comparative method. During three stages of development of the national historiography historians evaluated the reliability degree of the governors reports in different ways. In the pre-revolutionary period, the level of information reliability of the governors report and CIC MIA data were undoubted. The efficiency of the governors activity was evaluated based on the analysis of their reports. In the Soviet period, the attention of historians to the subject of the governor reports reliability increased compared to the previous period, as evidenced in growing numbers of publications. During that time the governors reports were questioned. In the post-Soviet period research is aimed at summarizing the existing experience and postulating the governors reports as reliable historical sources deserving historians attention. Based on the data comparison on fullness of cereal reserve stores in Arkhangelsk Province in the second half of the XIX century the author examines the level of reliability degree of these sources on the agrarian history of Russia. The data from two sources are shown in the summary table, and their comparison allows determining their degree of reliability. Based on the analysis of two sources data on the cereal reserve stores fullness the author concludes that they varied over the period of 18 years under study, and it is difficult to determine which source reflects the reality adequately. However, such materials should be used in studying the activities of cereal reserve stores, as they allow representing general trends.