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Humanitarian sciences in Siberia

2018 year, number 2

FINDINGS OF TOREUTICS OBJECTS FROM THE ANCIENT SHELJI SETTLEMENT IN KYRGYZSTAN

Yu.S. Khudyakov1,2, A.Yu. Borisenko2, Z. Orozbekova1
1Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography SB RAS, 17, Ak. Lavrentiev str., Novosibirsk, 630090, Russian Federation
2Novosibirsk National State University, 2, Pirogova str., Novosibirsk, 630090, Russian Federation
Keywords: кыргызы, Тянь-Шань, Семиречье, художественные металлические изделия, предметы торевтики, эпоха раннего Средневековья, Kyrgyz people, Tian Shan, Jetysu, artistic metallic goods, toreutics objects, early Middle Ages

Abstract

The article is devoted to studying some findings of artistic metallic goods, among which are a belt buckle and two hasps discovered in the previous years on the surface of Medieval ancient Shelji or Sadyr-Korgon settlement situated in the valley of the Talas River in northern Kyrgyzstan. Nowadays these findings are kept in the school museum named after M. Orozbekov in Kyzyl-Adyr village in the Talas Region of the Kyrgyz Republic. The authors studied them during the expeditionary trip to Kyrgyzstan. The article considers main results of the previous research of toreutics objects in the territory of Tian Shan and Jetysu. The artistic metallic goods are analyzed. These findings are classified and assigned to definite types on formal grounds. The authors made propositions on chronology of their use and the territory of spreading within the Central Asian cultural and historical region. The article argues in favour of cultural identity of toreutics objects from this collection; according to the theory they could be made by handicraftsmen, who lived in Shelji town during the Middle Ages, which was an important industrial and trade centre of Tian Shan and Jetysu at that time. The study of ornamental toreutics objects discovered by a teacher and students of Kyzyl-Adyr secondary school in outskirts of Medieval ancient Shelji or Sadyr-Korgon is important for understanding handicrafts’ development in northern Kyrgyzstan. Analyzed archaeological findings show that the town was a significant trade centre of artistic metallic goods in the Talas River valley, northern Kyrgyzstan, in the early and high Middle Ages.