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Humanitarian sciences in Siberia

2018 year, number 2

A.A. ANDREYEV’S VISIT TO WEST SIBERIA IN AUTUMN, 1938: FORCED GRAIN COLLECTION

V.A. Ilinykh
Institute of History SB RAS, 8, Nikolaev Str., Novosibirsk, 630090, Russian Federation
Keywords: аграрная политика, сельское хозяйство, зерновая проблема, хлебозаготовки, колхозный строй, A.A. Андреев, Западная Сибирь, agrarian policy, agriculture, grain problem, state grain procurement, collective farm system, А.А. Andreev, Western Siberia

Abstract

The author introduces into scientific circulation unique documents related to the visit of A.A. Andreev, the Secretary of the Central Committee of the All-Union Communist Party (of Bolsheviks), as the commissioner for state grain procurement in the Trans-Urals and West Siberia in September-October 1938. He was sent to the region in connection with the failure to fulfill the calendar assignments for grain delivery. Andreev visited Chelyabinsk, Omsk, Novosibirsk regions and Altai Territory. The main reason for the low rates of grain procurement was the delay of crops mowing and threshing, significant losses of grain. Andreev instructed to take the necessary measures to accelerate the harvesting, threshing and export of crops. His initiatives expanded the scale of repression against “saboteurs” of state grain procurement. After Andreev’s visit to the region, the volumes of grain delivery increased. However, it was not possible to fulfill the annual procurement task of 1938/39 in West Siberia.