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"Philosophy of Education"

2015 year, number 6


S. P. Lomov1, L. G. Medvedev2
1Moscow State Pedagogical University, 88, Vernadsky Ave., Moscow, Russia, 119571
2Omsk state pedagogical university, 14, Naberezhnaya Tukhachevskogo, Omsk, Russia, 644099
Keywords: реальное, ирреальное, изобразительное искусство, визуальное, изобразительная грамота, художественное образование, психологические особенности художественного творчества, дидактика, the real, the surreal, fine arts, the visual, graphic reading and writing, art education, psychological characteristics of artistic creativity, didactics


The article analyzes the results of domestic research in the field of psychology and pedagogy, on the basis of which one can make a conclusion about the role of visual cognition of the world that allows enhancing pupils' thinking and forming successful experience of self-exploration of reality through practical work in the field of fine arts. The basis justifying presence of the fine arts at school is its educational developing component allowing not only the development of skills of perception of professional art, passive contemplation and explanation of the considered plots, but also the development of intellectual and emotional-creative potential which becomes more mature already at an early stage of learning. The purposes of training can be defined by a content-related factor allowing estimating the importance of this or that training material; which, in turn, allows judging whether it is necessary to include the material into the program of a basic or an elective course, or it is necessary to exclude it completely from the program, to determine the level of studying and to plan the levels of mastering the material. The author indicated that, for the adequate scientific organization of the training process, the teacher needs good knowledge of not only the theoretical bases in the field of fine arts and the technique of their teaching, but also the psychologically justified regularities of the training process, the features of formation of knowledge, formation of abilities, skills, specifics of the development of thinking. Organizing training in the fine arts, it is necessary to pay attention to the psychological features of the pupils, determining the content of the subject. The understanding of the essence and structure of what is represented requires from the pupils the ability to carry out cogitative operations of modeling, abstraction, etc., which determines creative and artistic-esthetic thinking which is formed in the course of training and develops as the pupils move into adulthood. It is noted that one of important incentives of cognition of the new in the educational process is interest, using which it is possible to develop intellectual activity, memory, imagination, attention and concentration. The interest of pupils to a subject domain is successfully used in the formation of moral and strong-willed qualities and the development of the personality as a whole.