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Humanitarian sciences in Siberia

2015 year, number 1


M.Ch. Kalybekova
Kazakhstan National Pedagogical University named after Abai, 202/41, Abay av., Almaty, Kazakhstan, 050060
Keywords: deportation, special migrants, NKVD SSSR, relocation, migration, eviction, agricultural equipment, legal status


The article covers the mass deportation of people to Kazakhstan during the Second World War. The author introduces new archival sources into scientific circulation (from the Archive of the Karlaq, Archive of the Committee on Legal Statistics and Special Records of the General Prosecutor’s of the Republic of Kazakhstan (materials of NKVD and MVD), Archive of the Committee on Legal Statistics and Special Records of the Karaganda region) regarding the notion of the Stalin stereotypes. The primary goal of research is to better understand the causes, major trends, extent and effect of the state repressive measures carried out in relation to the various categories of the population of Kazakhstan. Analysis of the agricultural equipment of the deported people allows us to identify the role of special settlers in creating the powerful industrial potential of the country in remote areas with harsh climatic conditions. Also of particular interest is the role of public authorities in creating living conditions and meeting the special needs of the settlers. The author also considers the results of governmental activities in this sphere as well as legal provision for the settlers. The research findings provide the opportunity to obtain new methodological and theoretical insights, to revisit this issue and evaluate the events that took place in the period under study. Significance of the theme lies in the fact that examining the topic through the prism of research makes it possible to analyze the historical processes which took place in the whole country. It also provides an opportunity to analyze the socio-political, economic and cultural life of the people who were deported to Kazakhstan. An objective study of this issue will contribute to consolidation of the Kazakh society and strengthening the foundations of national unity.