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Humanitarian sciences in Siberia

2015 year, number 1

NEW INDUSTRIALIZATION OF THE TYUMEN NORTH: OPPORTUNITIES AND RISKS

V.P. Karpov
Tyumen State Oil and Gas University, Tyumen, 625000, st. Volodarskogo, 38
7654321.58@mail.ru
Keywords: Arctic, Yamal, Northern projects, industrialization, science, technology, infrastructure, integration

Abstract

The objective of the article is to consider the prospects of the Tyumen North new industrialization. Its first wave took place in 1960-80s and was caused by the West Siberian oil and gas complex development. In 1990s the state was far from the problems of the North, but in the 2000s it was recognized that such perception of the North was erroneous. During the last five years the new industrialization course led to creating the new branches of industry and doubling of the volume of industrial production in the region. The northern mega-projects were launched: 1) creation of a center for liquefied natural gas (LNG) production in Yamal Peninsula (project Yamal LNG); 2) construction of Sabetta seaport considered by experts as the beginning of the Northern Sea Route (NSR) revival; 3) implementation of large-scale infrastructural project The Northern Latitudinal Way, which will connect the Northern and Sverdlovsk railways in order to provide access of the Russian integrated transportation system to the Arctic infrastructure in future. Implementation of the northern projects in the Tyumen Arctic could be an important step in Russias development. However, the Tyumen region cannot develop in isolation from the Russian and global trends. Opportunities provided by the new industrialization policy are limited by internal and external factors. External factors include the global economic crisis, Western sanctions, drop in oil prices. A disputed status of the Arctic territories and the Northern Sea Route (NSR) may also be a factor limiting the Tyumen Far North development. Underdeveloped government institutions, decelerating economic growth, dependence of the domestic economy on foreign technical and technological assistance constitute internal risks of new industrialization. The article ascertains that the Russsian economy is endangered not by further growth in hydrocarbon production but by weakness of engineering and manufacturing industries; emphasizes the necessity of solving such problems as infrastructure development, ice-breaking fleet and integration in the Arctic.