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Humanitarian sciences in Siberia

2015 year, number 1

THE STATE TRADE PHENOMENON IN SIBERIA AT THE BEGINNING OF THE NEW ECONOMIC POLICY (1921-1923)

P.V. Yurlov
Siberian Federal University, 2A, L. Prushinskaya St., Krasnoyarsk, 660112
yermak87@mail.ru
Keywords: state commercial capital, state trading enterprise, procurement, supply, market relations

Abstract

The article focuses on the establishment and operation of the state trade sector in the early period of NEP. An attempt is made to elucidate the problem of the state trading capital efficiency and to prove that it fulfilled the assigned task by creating a broad commodity distribution network. The profitability of individual state trading agencies is not considered a key factor, as it played a secondary role. The main reasons for the state trade creation were the tasks of controlling market relations by establishing a powerful state capital and forming a network of institutions capable of supplying the population and procurement of raw materials for export. The author studies such problems as the process of creating the state trading enterprises apparatus, its functioning, methods and main business partners, networking with the end user, everyday difficulties and work with buyers.