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Humanitarian sciences in Siberia

2015 year, number 1

CANON VS UNDERGROUND : CHANGING ALGORITHM IN FICTION BOOK PUBLISHING IN RUSSIA IN THE LATE XX - EARLY XXI CENTURIES

V.G. Ivanov
The State Public Scientific Technical Library, SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Voskhod St., 15
desnos8@yandex.ru
Keywords: canon, avant-guard, underground, samizdat, carnival art, publishing, uncensored literature, P.V. Senchin, I.F. Letov, Y.S. Dyagileva, V.G. Bogomyakov, V.A. Dikson, A. Zhdanov, O.B. Volov

Abstract

The paper describes transformations of the canon of modern fiction formed during the last twenty years and its confrontation with the underground literature developing its own lower and carnival canon as opposed to the official post-Soviet literature of the Grand Style. Nowadays the canon borders in fiction are diffused and determined mostly by the interests of publisher groups who define their politics in favor to certain writers. Thus, the contemporary so called fat magazines inherited the Soviet experience of editorial work creating a range of authors who over the course of the last 10 years have been sel ected to the lists of candidates for receiving the major literary prizes such as the Big Book, National Bestseller and others. The institution of literary awards is designed to determine the leading role of one or another literary school. On the other hand, works of young authors, who are not in the mainstream of fat magazines, correspond to the canon of the second, avant-garde and underground fiction; they search for their ideological postulates in the time of collapse of the Soviet system and choose their guiding lines in ideas of literary rebels of the 1980s. These two traditions have some points of interaction, though they work as autonomous systems with their inner principles of symbolic capital distribution. Many cities of Russia have their own literature enclaves, where the canon and underground literature develop in their own way. The paper describes points of attraction and repulsion of these two systems in different regions of the country, fr om metropolitan cities to large centers of Siberia such as Tyumen, Novosibirsk, Irkutsk where the unique literary schools have been formed by the early 2010s.