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"Philosophy of Education"

2014 year, number 2

A methodology of studying the educational-didactic units on the competence basis

A. Zh. Zhafyarov
Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, 630126, Novosibirsk, Vilyuiskaya str., 28, Russia
Keywords: educational process on the basis of the competence-based approach, competence, a model of the competence formation for the educational-didactic unit

Abstract

There are developed the principles and an algorithm of studying EDU, an educational-didactic unit (topic, subject matter, etc.), which represent altogether a methodology of introducing the competence-based approach into the educational process. On its basis, there are constructed a model of formation of the basic competence in the given EDU. An alternative definition of «competence is presented.The reasons are indicated that substantiate the necessity of transition to an education system built on the basis of the competence approach. 1. The state considers the competence approach as the methodology of modernization of the entire education system. 2. The standards of the third generation for the Bachelors Degree and the Masters Degree students require implementation of the competence approach into the educational process. 3. The postgraduates and the doctoral degree students of the psychological and pedagogical directions also need to conduct their research on the competence basis. 4. The education system, built on the competence basis, is more humane than the one based on the KS (knowledge-skills) basis. Indeed, in the KS system, such parameters as knowledge and skills are evaluated positively. However, the «KS-person is the one who has «stopped, no longer continues to improve and upgrade their education. There are several reasons for the increase of the number of such people.The first, subjective, is a consequence of the KS system. This education system does not form: personality, striving for innovation and creativity, continuous self-education and self-improvement. The second reason (objective, independent of the particular individual) is connected with the increase of the rate of doubling of the scientific results of mankind. This period T during which the R & D results are doubled is variable. This period T was large when the said rate was negligible. At the end of the XX century this period was approximately 10 years. The XXI century is called «mad for the reason that this period has become very small. For example, the period of doubling of the results in Informatics is 1,5 years; in Nanotechnology, 3-4 years, etc. The decrease of the period doubling of the research results generates an increase in the number of fundamentally new HT, high technologies. The consequences of HY are unique.