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"Philosophy of Education"

2014 year, number 2

The municipal order for additional vocational training as the organizational-economic mechanism of development of the human capital

G. D. Biliktueva
Buryat Republican Institute of Educational Policy, Sovetskaya str. 30, Ulan-Ude, 670000, Russia
Keywords: municipal management, municipal order, human capital, social and economic development, organizational-economic mechanism, investment, municipal union, goal-oriented municipal management, economy, need


This article discusses the possibilities of management of the process of human capital development at the municipal level. The main objective of the research is to develop the directions and ways of improving the municipal order for additional professional education as an organizational-economic mechanism of development of human capital. Achieving this goal requires the ability to address the issues of human capital development of municipal education through the municipal order on the example of the Republic of Buryatia. Municipal Administration now requires major changes. Improving the municipal reform, which fosters the creation of conditions for the development of human potential and increasing living standards of the municipal education, the development of the socio-economic foundation based on the maximum use of local resources is becoming more and more topical. At the municipal level, the role of human resources is acknowledged but their development has been neglected. The task of transforming the existing human potential into a resource of municipal governance, into the human capital is one of the most important tasks of local government. To develop the human potential, there are necessary systemic changes of two types: the ones directed at increasing the competitive ability of the cadres, labor force and social sectors; and the others which improve the quality of the social environment and living conditions of people. The development of human capital covers medium and long term objectives, priorities and main directions of demographic policy, the policy of modernization of health and education, development of pensions and social benefits, the development of culture, the development of effective labor and housing markets. Municipal economic development can be considered as a process of change in the local economy, aiming at improving the quality of life. Municipal management is a relatively new phenomenon in modern Russia. As a special kind of management, an academic discipline and a field of practical activity, municipal management appeared only in the 1990s in connection with the revival of local government. According to the Constitution of the Russian Federation, local authorities are not included in the system of government; thus municipal government has certain features that distinguish it from the government. The system of local government has a special place in the country because of its public-state nature. From this perspective, it performs two major functions: connecting the state and population and connecting the state and small owners. The complexity of the management activity of local government is that it acts both as a subject of economic activity and as a subject endowed by law with the right to regulate this activity in its territory. In this regard, there arise some difficulties in defining «municipal government» because it has a dual nature like the concept of «municipal services».