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"Philosophy of Education"

2014 year, number 2

Higher education in the context of the main contradiction of modern Russia

A. S. Frolov
Academy of Economics and law, 656038 Barnaul, Pr-t Komsomolsky, 82, Russia
Keywords: modern Russia, contradiction, higher education, educational strategy, value-upbringing side of education, liberalism

Abstract

The article analyzes the main problems of liberal reforming of the system of higher education in modern Russia. The starting point of the analysis is the position that the basic reference point of this reform is the experience of Western countries. The author considers the peculiarities of the Russian state educational strategy, identifies its socio-economic basis and makes an emphasis on how the positive and problematic aspects of higher education development of West European countries are reflected in this strategy. The following features of the educational «strategy of the modern Russian state can be distinguished: pushy introduction into the Russian higher education system of the unpromising, deadlock Western general educational models and particular characteristics; ignoring those aspects of Western European higher education systems which have obvious advantages, or borrowing some of them but without providing the appropriate conditions which results in the «good intentions turning into caricature and vulgarity; reduction of the educational process to «technologies with factual «deconstruction of its value-educational component, which in the context of rapidly propagating in the modern Western countries openly vile and corrosive moral deviance and pathology, rapid transformation of the «clinical into progressive creative norm (LGBT movement, pedophilia, etc.) generates a fundamental threat of spiritual degeneration, «high-tech transformation of the person into a bestial condition. With reference to Russian experts on the problems of education, the article argues that one of the significant consequences of such educational strategy is the reduction of the number of specialties in the system of higher education of Russia. In the conditions when in the field of scientific knowledge, along with the integration processes, there also acts the trend of specialization, the direct borrowing of the principles of «Bologna Declaration have a serious negative impact on the preparation of the personnel of higher qualification in our country. The author compares the process of transformation in many modern countries of higher education in the general with the development trends of Russian system of higher education, demonstrating the need for adjusting the state educational policy. The author also examines the possible consequences for the Russian system of higher education of the recently initiated process of reforming the main subject of the development of domestic science, the Russian Academy of Sciences. In the article there is substantiated the idea that, in the conditions of transformation in the Western countries of moral pathologies into norms, there is needed to fundamentally strengthen the value-upbringing aspect of the domestic higher education. In conclusion, the author refers to the model of capitalism, established in modern Russia, and makes conclusions about the relationship between its content and the deformations, existing in the system of domestic higher education.