Publishing House SB RAS:

Publishing House SB RAS:

Address of the Publishing House SB RAS:
Morskoy pr. 2, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia

Log In   /  Register




Advanced Search

2013 year, number 8

1.
JURASSIC PALEOGEOGRAPHY OF THE WEST SIBERIAN SEDIMENTARY BASIN

A.E. Kontorovich, V.A. Kontorovich, S.V. Ryzhkova, B.N. Shurygin, L.G. Vakulenko, E.A. Gaideburova, V.P. Danilova, V.A. Kazanenkov, N.S. Kim, E.A. Kostyreva, V.I. Moskvin, P.A. Yan
Keywords: Paleogeography, Jurassic, aquatic organic matter, terrigenous organic matter, West Siberian sedimentary basin

Abstract >>
Paleogeographic reconstruction of the West Siberian basin during the Jurassic is based on a variety of criteria used to evaluate the depositional environments (paleontological, sedimentological, geochemical, etc.). Extensive geochemical data on the hydrocarbon biomarkers in bitumen from organic matter are first used to constrain the depositional setting of this large region over a span of about 45 Myr. The study provides a detailed description of paleogeographic maps compiled for the main epochs of the Jurassic period with the reconstruction of paleorelief and differentiation of potential external and internal sources of terrigenous material. The paleogeographic reconstructions of the basin are considered with implications for the formation of regional seals and reservoir units. A special emphasis is given to interpretation of organic matter type and depositional setting of the major oil and gas source rocks. The study infers a paleogeographic control on the stratigraphic and areal distribution of hydrocarbon accumulations in the basin.



2.
NEW DATA ON THE UPPER DEVONIAN BIOSTRATIGRAPHY AND SEDIMENTOLOGY OF STOLB ISLAND ( Lena River delta)

A.Yu. Yazikov, N.G. Izokh, S.V. Saraev, N.K. Bakharev, T.V. Gonta, E.S. Sobolev
Keywords: Conodonts, brachiopods, ammonoids, ostracodes, Upper Devonian, sedimentology, Arctic, Lena River delta

Abstract >>
The obtained new data on conodonts, brachiopods, ammonoids, and ostracodes from the Stolb Island section indicate the predominantly Early Famennian (triangularislower rhomboidea Zones) age of sedimentation. The Upper Kellwasser global biotic event, which marks the FrasnianFamennian boundary, has been distinguished for Arctic Siberia for the first time. It was found that carbonate-terrigenous sequences accumulated in basinal sedimentary environments. Fine-clastic material was supplied to the sediments from different sources. A flow of dolomite debris is associated with the most distant source areas of evaporite sedimentation. The presence of calcareous fragments is due to destruction of skeletal material (close provenance areas). Siliciclastics, which make up a considerable part of the sediments, were produced by partial rewashing and eolian differentiation of felsic pyroclastics. The existence of organic-rich horizons and beds of well-washed and well-sorted clastic sequences suggests that the Upper Devonian sediments have a high general petroleum potential.



3.
TRIASSIC STRATIGRAPHY OF THE EASTERN LAPTEV SEA COAST AND NEW SIBERIAN ISLANDS

A.G. Konstantinov, E.S. Sobolev, A.V. Yadrenkin
Keywords: Triassic, stratigraphy, Laptev Sea coast, New Siberian Islands

Abstract >>
Studies of the paleontology and stratigraphy of the Triassic strata from the Lena-Olenek interfluve area and Kotelny Island have important implications for improving the accuracy of interregional and global correlations, refining the Boreal standard and international stratigraphic scale for the Triassic System. The importance of this study is also underlined by the necessity of refining the stratigraphic basis for regional geological exploration in Artic zone that now became the focus for building the countrys strategic resource base. Analysis of recent paleontological and stratigraphic data from key Triassic sections in the Laptev Sea coastal region provides new age constraints for the Triassic strata based on different faunal groups. The Triassic stratigraphic scheme for the region has been refined using new data on the paleontology, thickness variations, and boundaries of local stratigraphic subdivisions.



4.
JURASSIC AND CRETACEOUS STRATIGRAPHY OF THE ANABAR AREA ( Arctic Siberia, Laptev Sea coast) AND THE BOREAL ZONAL STANDARD

B.L. Nikitenko, B.N. Shurygin, V.G. Knyazev, S.V. Meledina, O.S. Dzyuba, N.K. Lebedeva, E.B. Peshchevitskaya, L.A. Glinskikh, A.A. Goryacheva, S.N. Khafaeva
Keywords: Jurassic, Cretaceous, stratigraphy, Boreal Zonal Standard, ammonites, belemnites, bivalves, foraminifers, ostracodes, dinoflagellate cysts, spores and pollen, Siberia, Anabar area

Abstract >>
Recent integrated studies of Mesozoic key sections of the Anabar area (northern Central Siberia, Laptev Sea coast) and the reinterpretation of previous data based on a modern stratigraphic model permit considerable improvement of the bioand lithostratigraphic division and facies zoning of the Jurassic and Cretaceous sediments in the region. Analysis of abundant paleontological data permitted the development or considerable improvement of zonal scales on ammonites, belemnites, bivalves, foraminifers, ostracodes, dinocysts, and terrestrial palynomorphs from several Jurassic and Cretaceous intervals. All zonal scales are calibrated against one another and against regional ammonite scale. The analysis of the lateral sistribution of fossils in different regions of the Northern hemisphere permits the recognition of reference levels for interregional correlation and the suggestion of parallel zonal scales within the Boreal Zone standard for the Jurassic and Cretaceous. A combination of these scales forms an integrated biostratigraphic basis for a detailed division of Boreal-type sediments regardless of the place of their formation and comparison with the international stratigraphic standard as far as the possible use of a set of correlation reference levels.



5.
CONCERNING TECTONICS AND THE TECTONIC EVOLUTION OF THE ARCTIC

V.A. Vernikovsky, N.L. Dobretsov, D.V. Metelkin, N.Yu. Matushkin, I.Yu. Koulakov
Keywords: Tectonics, geodynamics, rifting, subduction, accretionary-collisional belt, paleomagnetism, paleoreconstruction, seismic tomography, Arctic

Abstract >>
The particularities of the current tectonic structure of the Russian part of the Arctic region are discussed with the division into the BarentsKara and LaptevChukchi continental margins. We demonstrate new geological data for the key structures of the Arctic, which are analyzed with regard for new geophysical data (gravitational and magnetic), including first seismic tomography models for the Arctic. Special attention is given to the New Siberian Islands block, which includes the De Long Islands, where field work took place in 2011. Based on the analysis of the tectonic structure of key units, of new geological and geophysical information and our paleomagnetic data for these units, we considered a series of paleogeodynamic reconstructions for the arctic structures from Late Precambrian to Late Paleozoic. This paper develops the ideas of L.P. Zonenshain and L.M. Natapov over the Precambrian Arctida paleocontinent. We consider its evolution during the Late Precambrian and the entire Paleozoic and conclude that the blocks that parted in the Late Precambrian (Svalbard, Kara, New Siberian, etc.) formed a Late Paleozoic subcontinent, Arctida II, which again sutured the continental masses of Laurentia, Siberia, and Baltica, this time, within Pangea.



6.
PLATE RECONSTRUCTIONS IN THE ARCTIC REGION BASED ON JOINT ANALYSIS OF GRAVITY, MAGNETIC, AND SEISMIC ANOMALIES

I.Yu. Koulakov, C. Gaina, N.L. Dobretsov, A.N. Vasilevsky, N.A. Bushenkova
Keywords: Arctic region, gravity field, magnetic anomalies, seismic tomography model, plate reconstruction, Arctida

Abstract >>
Based on the analysis of various geophysical data, namely, free-air gravity anomalies, magnetic anomalies, upper mantle seismic tomography images, and topography/bathymetry maps, we single out the major structural elements in the Circum Arctic and present the reconstruction of their locations during the past 200 Myr. The configuration of the magnetic-field patterns allows revealing an isometric block, which covers the Alfa-Mendeleev Ridges and surrounding areas. This block of presumably continental origin is the remnant part of the Arctida Plate, which was the major tectonic element in the Arctic region in Mesozoic time. We believe that the subduction along the Anyui suture in the period from 200 to 120 Ma caused rotation of the Arctida Plate, which, in turn, led to the simultaneous closure of the South Anyui Ocean and opening of the Canadian Basin. The rotation of this plate is responsible for extension processes in West Siberia and the northward displacement of Novaya Zemlya relative to the UralTaimyr orogenic belt. The cratonic-type North American, Greenland, and European Plates were united before 130 Ma. At the later stages, first Greenland was detached from North America, which resulted in the Baffin Sea, and then Greenland was separated from the European Plate, which led to the opening of the northern segment of the Atlantic Ocean. The Cenozoic stage of opening of the Eurasian Basin and North Atlantic Ocean is unambiguously reconstructed based on linear magnetic anomalies. The counter-clockwise rotation of North America by an angle of ~15º with respect to Eurasia and the right lateral displacement to 200250 km ensure an almost perfect fit of the contours of the deep-water basin in the North Atlantic and Arctic Oceans.



7.
MESOZOIC-CENOZOIC VOLCANISM AND GEODYNAMIC EVENTS IN THE CENTRAL AND EASTERN ARCTIC

N.L. Dobretsov, V.A. Vernikovsky, Yu.V. Karyakin, E.A. Korago, V.A. Simonov
Keywords: Volcanism, plume, traps, rifting, subduction, geodynamics, Arctic

Abstract >>
The patterns and history of Mesozoic-Cenozoic plume magmatism in the Arctic are considered in relation with suprasubductional volcanism and geodynamic events. The Mesozoic-Cenozoic magmatic history of the area includes seven stages, distinguished by correlation of ages and compositions of volcanics associated with mid-ocean rifting, plumes, and subduction; three of seven stages correspond to global events at 230-200 Ma, 130-120 Ma, and 40-30 Ma. The reported study supports the inferred inverse correlation between plate velocities and amount of subduction-related volcanism. The gained knowledge is used for paleotectonic reconstructions.



8.
DYNAMICS OF THE ARCTIC AND ADJACENT PETROLEUM BASINS: A RECORD OF PLUME AND RIFTING ACTIVITY

N.L. Dobretsov, O.P. Polyanskii, V.V. Reverdatto, A.V. Babichev
Keywords: Sedimentary basin, rift, subsidence, sedimentation, plume magmatism, dilatation, traps, Arctic

Abstract >>
The Late Paleozoic and Mesozoic history of petroleum and coal basins in the Arctic and adjacent areas is investigated and compared with the history of plume magmatism in the same areas. The sedimentation rates in all discussed cases are proven to be the fastest (more than 100 m per 1 Myr) during rifting events. Other peaks of rapid deposition may be associated with collisional mountain growth and/or climate change.



9.
MINERALOGICAL CRITERIA FOR THE DIAMOND POTENTIAL OF UPPER TRIASSIC PLACERS ON THE NORTHEASTERN MARGIN OF THE SIBERIAN PLATFORM

N.V. Sobolev, A.M. Logvinova, E.I. Nikolenko, S.S. Lobanov
Keywords: Diamond, eclogitic garnet, pyrope, Cr-spinel, picroilmenite, mineralogical criteria for diamond potential



10.
HISTORICAL-GEOLOGICAL MODELING OF HYDROCARBON GENERATION IN THE MESOZOICCENOZOIC SEDIMENTARY BASIN OF THE KARA SEA ( basin modeling)

A.E. Kontorovich, L.M. Burshtein, N.A. Malyshev, P.I. Safronov, S.A. Guskov, S.V. Ershov, V.A. Kazanenkov, N.S. Kim, V.A. Kontorovich, E.A. Kostyreva, V.N. Melenevsky, V.R. Livshits, A.A. Polyakov, M.B. Skvortsov
Keywords: Generation, migration, accumulation, dissipation of hydrocarbons, basin modeling, source rock, Arctic petrolife-rousareas, Kara Sea, West Siberian Basin

Abstract >>
Numerical models are developed to predict the generation, accumulation, and escape of hydrocarbons at the time of sediment accumulation (basin modeling) in the West Siberian geosyneclise during the Jurassic, Cretaceous, and Cenozoic. A theoretical framework for such computer models is presented with a special emphasis on modeling of gas generation during early catagenesis. The study provides a description of the algorithm used for interpretation of simulation results and considers the stages of formation of a shale cap rock during lithogenesis. Peak oil generation began in the Aptian and continued for about 80 Myr till EoceneMiocene time; gas generation in the late catagenetic window took place from Valanginian to Maastrichtian. Numerical simulations show that the major oil-prone source rocks in the South Kara kitchen area were, in the decreasing order of potential, the Bazhenovo (Yanov Stan), Kiterbyut, and Malyshevka Formations. The Upper Jurassic regional rock unit generated over 60% of liquid hydrocarbons and heterocyclic compounds (oils). The major gas-prone source rocks in the area were, in the decreasing order of potential, the Kiterbyut, Malyshevka, Alym, and Bazhenovo (Yanov Stan) Formations. The Lower and Middle Jurassic regional rock units generated about 65% of hydrocarbon gases. Results are presented to quantify the amount of hydrocarbons dissipated due to either the absence or poor effectiveness of confining seals and to explore the role of Cenozoic tectonic processes in the formation of petroleum accumulations in the basin.



11.
BIOMARKERS AND ADAMANTANES IN CRUDE OILS FROM CENOMANIAN DEPOSITS OF NORTHERN WEST SIBERIA

V.A. Kashirtsev, I.I. Nesterov, V.N. Melenevskii, E.A. Fursenko, M.O. Kozakov, A.V. Lavrenov
Keywords: Crude oil, geochemistry, hydrocarbon biomarkers, adamantanes, Cenomanian, West Siberia

Abstract >>
Chromato-mass-spectrometric studies made it possible to identify a wide spectrum of hydrocarbon biomarkers in crude oils from Cenomanian pools of northern West Siberia (Russkoe, Pangodinskoe, Van-Eganskoe, Severo-Komsomolskoe). The distribution pattern of the main hydrocarbon components ( n -alkanes, acyclic isoprenanes, steranes, terpanes) shows that most of the oils underwent intense microbial oxidation. We have established high concentrations of 25-norhopanes typical of high-degree degradation; demethylated hopanes are also revealed in alkane crude oils. Among low-molecular chemofossils, biand tricyclic monoand sesquiterpanes have been recognized, whose precursors are usually biomolecules synthesized by plants. Unsaturated precursors of monoand sesquiterpanes might have been the starting material for thermocatalytical synthesis of framework adamantanoid structures, whose high concentrations have been found in alkane-free crude oils.



12.
ORGANIC GEOCHEMISTRY AND PETROLEUM POTENTIAL OF JURASSIC AND CRETACEOUS DEPOSITS OF THE YENISEIKHATANGA REGIONAL TROUGH

N.S. Kim, A.P. Rodchenko
Keywords: Organic matter, Jurassic and Cretaceous deposits, biomarkers, petroleum potential, West Siberian Basin, YeniseiKhatanga regional trough

Abstract >>
We present results of geochemical studies of organic matter of the JurassicCretaceous deposits in the west of the YeniseiKhatanga regional trough. The studies were carried out on a representative set of well cores by a complex of modern organic-geochemistry methods (determination of organic-carbon content in rocks, pyrolysis, estimation of the carbon isotope composition in the kerogen of rocks, extraction, liquid and gasliquid chromatography, and chromato-mass spectrometry). Based on the distribution of biomarkers in the studied bitumens and pyrolysis of rocks, two groups of the samples were recognized: with terrigenous (type III) and marine (type II) organic matter. The terrigenous bitumens are characterized by a low hydrogen index (HI) and a predominance of hydrocarbons C29 among steranes and C19 and C20 among tricyclanes. The marine bitumens, revealed in stratigraphic analogs of the Bazhenovo Formation and in the Malyshevka, Nizhnyaya Kheta, and Shuratovka Formations, show an even distribution of sterane homologues and a predominance of medium-molecular tricyclanes. The Pr/Ph and C35/C34 ratios and the presence of diahopanes testify to the burial of organic matter in suboxidizing sea coast environments. In the Yanov Stan (J3K1), Golchikha (J2K1), and, to a lesser extent, Malyshevka (J2), Nizhnyaya Kheta, and Shuratovka (K1) Formations, we have recognized widespread stratigraphic levels with marine organic matter of rocks. Its contents and degree of maturity permit these rocks to be considered oil-generating.



13.
THE NEOPROTEROZOICPHANEROZOIC SECTION OF THE ANABARLENA PROVINCE: STRUCTURAL FRAMEWORK, GEOLOGICAL MODEL, AND PETROLEUM POTENTIAL

V.A. Kontorovich, A.E. Kontorovich, I.A. Gubin, A.M. Zoteev, V.V. Lapkovsky, N.A. Malyshev, M.V. Soloviev, G.S. Fradkin
Keywords: Reflector, seismic-geological model, sequence, well, prospect, uplift, arch, basin, fault, Riphean, Vendian, Cambrian, Permian, AnabarLena province

Abstract >>
Much work at A.A. Trofimuk Institute of Petroleum Geology and Geophysics (Novosibirsk) has been done to synthesize geological and geophysical data from the Siberian Arctic and Arctic shelf. Namely, seismic-geological modeling and petroleum potential assessment have been performed for the NeoproterozoicPhanerozoic section of the AnabarLena province in the northern Sakha Republic (Yakutia). The results include seismic-geological division, a set of structural maps, and structural, paleotectonic, and facies analysis. The study shows that Riphean, Vendian, Cambrian, and Permian sequences are of interest in terms of petroleum potential; oil and gas may accumulate in traps of different types.



14.
INITIAL geologic HYDROCARBON RESOURCES OF THE LAPTEV SEA SHELF

A.F. Safronov, A.I. Sivtsev, O.N. Chalaya, I.N. Zueva, A.N. Sokolov, G.S. Fradkin
Keywords: Laptev Sea shelf, evolution of continental margin, potential hydrocarbon resources

Abstract >>
Formation of the passive continental margin of the Laptev Sea (Laptev Plate), which was part of the Siberian Platform till the Late Cretaceous, was related to the Late MesozoicCenozoic rifting of the Arctic geodepression. The regime of the passive continental margin still continues. The maximum thickness of the deposits of this age seems to exceed 6 km in the northeastern part of the shelf. The hydrocarbon resources of the Late PrecambrianCenozoic deposits forming the Laptev Plate cover are evaluated. Based on the concept of the similar evolution of the Laptev Plate and Vilyui syneclise, the geochemical characteristics of dispersed organic matter of the coeval deposits of the Vilyui syneclise are used.