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Humanitarian sciences in Siberia

2006 year, number 1

1.
Thought Experiments in Mind Theory. The Ontological Content of Sense Data

Vinnik D.V.
Keywords: sense data, qualia, identity theory, mental state, mind, functionalism, property dualism, thought experiment, inverted qualia, supervenience

Abstract >>
The main object of the article is to investigate the ontological content of the sense data concept in different modifications of functionalism and the mind-body identity theory. The problem of the ontological status of qualia has been successfully reflected in a number of thought experiments. All of them were offered as arguments against physicalism and functionalism. The most influential experiments known as "zombie", "inverted spectrum", "absent qualia", "Mary" and "Simona" are analyzed as examples of different ontological accounts and their implications. According to the author



2.
Towards Social Epistemology of Science: from Social to Natural Science

Lapina T.V.
Keywords: social epistemology, ideology, philosophy of science, value system, scientific method, abduction, constructivism

Abstract >>
The emergence of social epistemology as a separate branch of the philosophy of science raises the problem of the interconnection between social factors and the internal logic of scientific development. The author believes that social epistemology is the successor to the teaching of ideology which, in turn, was a result of the methodological analysis of social sciences. The mechanisms of social conditionality of knowledge which function in social cognition as ideological presuppositions are also found in natural science. First of all, it is true of abductive inferences in which these mechanisms are the principles limiting the choice of hypotheses and theoretical schemes. However, in modern science the very same mechanisms are in force at a deeper level, when we speak about the construction of the objects under study which are defined by some system of agreements between natural scientists.



3.
Postnonclassical physics: methodological and empirical problems.

Simanov A.L.

Abstract >>
The article deals with problems faced by currently forming physics. Variants of their solution are offered.



4.
On Three Base Antitheses in Heraclitean Ontology

Volf M.N.
Keywords: history of early Greek philosophy, Heraclitus, problem of arche, antitheses, or apparent – unapparent, one-many, general-particular

Abstract >>
The paper is devoted to establishing the content of three basic antitheses in Heraclitean ontology. These are "obvious



5.
The Crisis of Democracy in Ancient Greece and the Philosophy of Socrates (I).

Goran V.P.
Keywords: Socrates, Athens, crisis of democracy, aristocracy, world outlook, philosophy

Abstract >>
The text is the first part of the article, which is to be continued in the following volumes of this issue. The task of this part is to justify the focus on the connection between the philosophy of Socrates and the crisis of Athenian democracy. This goal also explains the angle of looking at the historical situation in Ancient Greece of that time.



6.
The Place of Philosophy in Theology of Tertullian

Butakov P.A.
Keywords: Tertullian, Carthage, philosophy, Christianity, theology, church, montanism, social background, elitism

Abstract >>
The paper attempts to explain Tertullian



7.
How is Slavophilic Philosophy Connected with Russian Intellectual Traditions?

Marhinin V.V.
Keywords: slavophiles, Russian philosophy, Russian cultural traditions, patristics, reception, worldview, meta-worldview

Abstract >>
The aim of this article is to find out how the slavophiles relate to the traditions of the Russian thought and patristics. The article researches the analogy between the mechanisms of reception of the medieval and modern culture in the first half of the 19th century. Our analysis shows the lack of any dependence of the slavophilic philosophy on any preceding tradition, even the patristic one.



8.
The criteria of philosophy are discussed which would allow to work out whether or not it is possible to do philosophy in the works of art (Tolstoy and Dostoevsky are considered).

Donskikh O.A. "The Simple Magic of Philosophy"
Keywords: philosophy, reflexion, position of reflexion, Tolstoy, Dostoevsky

Abstract >>
When philosophy in literature is examined, usual well-defined criteria of philosophy are not used. The problem is that this approach undermines the very concept of philosophy. The author uses three criteria to identify philosophy which are reflexion, principal openness, and manifestation by words. He demonstrates that according to these criteria Tolstoy (contrary to Dostoevsky) is not a philosopher. The author presents a set of criteria which allow not to mix philosophy with literature and other areas of human consciousness.



9.
Soviet Society in the Mirror of H. Marcuse

Babak M.V.
Keywords: critical theory, Marxism, Soviet Marxism, Frankfurt School, immanent critique

Abstract >>
The article offers an analysis of Herbert Marcuse



10.
On the Subject of Social Philosophy

Bobrov V.V.
Keywords: subject of social philosophy, social objects, processes and phenomena, social development

Abstract >>
The discussion of the subject of social philosophy is necessitated by the content of the pre-standard in social sciences and the humanities the conceptual apparatus of which contains no clear definition of the base concept of the "social" or borders of its application. The article contains the initial postulates which allow to provide a valid description and explanation of the essence of social processes and phenomena, the structure of social objects and the direction of their development. The author



11.
The Cycles of the Russian History: An Analysis of the Generative Mechanism

Rozov N.S.
Keywords: cycles of Russian history, reforms and counter-reforms, nature of sociopolitical cycles, models of historical dynamics, social crises, dynamic strategies

Abstract >>
The paper aims at revealing the interior generative mechanism of the well known cycles in the sociopolitical history of Russia. The model of short cycles of reforms and counter-reforms (A.Yanov. V.Lapkin, and V.Pantin) and the model of long modernization cycles (R.Vishnevsky) are quite compatible and can serve as the basic for theoretical analysis. The Universal Model of Historical Dynamics (UMHD) which is used as the primary concept includes such schemes as challenge-response (A.Toynbee), crisis-decay (J.Tainter), mass mobilization (Ch.Tilly), dynamic strategies (G.Snooks) et al. The conditions and causes of non-adequate, compensatory, and prospective responses of Russian authorities to challenges are revealed. Short and long cycles, the decay of the Russian Empire and the USSR are explained within the general theoretical framework. Possible strategies breaking the cyclical mechanism are sketched.



12.
Socialization of Youth in the Context of Cultural Transformations in the Russian Federation: Self-determination through Consumption

Shabanov L.V., Surovtsev V.A.
Keywords: socialization, culture-type transformation, self-determination, culture of consumption

Abstract >>
The purpose of the paper is consideration of the latest tendencies in the dynamics of development of the youth subculture. The problem field is the growing influence of such phenomena as mass fashion and advertising promoting a certain life-style. The authors present some conclusions which allow them to make a forecast of the further development of modern youth subculture.



13.
Fundamental Professional Values of the Graduate Students of the Novosibirsk Science Center

Ablazhey A.M.
Keywords: sociology of science, graduate school, image of science, professional values and career of a scientist, reproduction of science

Abstract >>
The paper



14.
The Typology of Legal Understanding: Genetic Analysis

Chernenko A.K.
Keywords: genetic approach, legal understanding, genetic, descriptive and system-content definition of law

Abstract >>
The author analyzes the genetic nature of the typologies of legal understanding. He considers the problem situation and its crisis aspects in the Russian legal science concerning the conceptual grounds and methodology of the legal theory, classification and criteria of legal understanding. The author offers the genetic approach to legal understanding introduced to analyze the internal logic of self-determination of the legal phenomena, its system features and to distinguish three levels of law: genetic, descriptive and system-content.



15.
Russian Constitutional Legal Science in the First Half of the 19th Century: Methodological and Theoretical Foundations

Didikin A.B.
Keywords: constitutional legal science, Russian legal philosophy, natural human rights, form of government

Abstract >>
The paper attempts to investigate the historical and theoretical context of the formation of the subject and methodology of Russian



16.
Efficiency of the Constitutional Control. The Criteria of Efficiency.

Nechaeva J.V.
Keywords: constitutional control, efficiency, execution of the Constitutional court decisions, classification of factors and criteria of the constitutional control

Abstract >>
The paper explores the concept of efficiency of the constitutional control, the criteria and evaluations of its efficiency. The author analyses the problems of researching the efficiency of the constitutional control and execution of the Constitutional court decisions. The author also provides the justification of the value characteristics of the criterial approach to the efficiency of constitutional control.



17.
Modern Problems of Legal Education

Tsikhotsky A.V.
Keywords: parallelism in the law school, crisis of education, responsibility of the state

Abstract >>
The aim of the paper is to define the state of legal education under the conditions of radical transformations of the state and the economy and to single out the main factors hindering its development. The expansion of legal education, change of its content and forms is the result of fundamental social changes. The strategy of this process is due to objective factors: the systemic crisis in the country, the task of forming of a new community of lawyers, the gap between the real functioning of educational institutions and their ideal models, the low level of legal education. The article is based on the analysis of the legislature on legal education and the practice of its application, personal experience of teaching legal subjects.



18.
Procedural Legitimate Interests of Participants of Civil Proceedings

Klyaus N.V.
Keywords: civil proceedings, procedural rules, legitimate interests, civil law

Abstract >>
It is noted that alongside legitimate interests which have substantive character there can be specific legitimate interests. These interests are of a procedural character which is more clearly manifested in the course of civil proceedings. By analyzing civil procedural rules and subject composition of civil procedural legal relationships the author studies and classifies procedural legitimate interests and offers their definitions.



19.
Two Systems of Tradable Absolute Rights

Zykov S.V.
Keywords: absolute rights, property right, intellectual property, copyright

Abstract >>
The paper contains a comparative analysis of the rights to things and intellectual property. Since the Roman law, the civil rights are subdivided into rights to things and obligations. However, this dichotomy does not correspond to the modern development of the law, in which the division of rights into absolute and relative becomes more important. Absolute rights are subdivided into personal non-property rights, rights to things (concerning things



20.
The Problem of Securing a Preliminary Contract

Stafievskaya E.V.
Keywords: prior arrangement, ensuring performance of obligations, deposit, an advance

Abstract >>
The author aims to demonstrate the need in a special method of securing a preliminary contract. Concluding a preliminary contract the parties provide for transference of money to secure the performance of the contract. Usually this money is termed a deposit or an advance. But these categories can



21.
The Limits and Restrictions on the Rights of Property Owners

Bazarova L.V.
Keywords: limits and mechanism of limiting of the rights of property owner, represented in the norms of positive law

Abstract >>
The article argues for the necessity of transition from the statement "the law gives the owner freedom to act" to the status of the law as a mechanism of restrictions defining the limits of freedom in property relations. The author proposes to consider the limits of the owner