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Russian Geology and Geophysics

2006 year, number 12


E.G. Konnikov, S.G. Simakin*, D.A. Orsoev**, E.G. Sidorov***, and V.A. Chubarov***
Institute of Experimental Mineralogy, Russian Academy of Sciences,
4 ul. Institutskaya, Chernogolovka, Moscow Region, 142432, Russia
* Institute of Microelectronics and Informatics, Russian Academy of Sciences,
1 ul. Universitetskaya, Yaroslavl', 150051, Russia
** Geological Institute, Siberian Branch of the RAS, 6a ul. Sakh'yanovoi, Ulan Ude, 670047, Russia
*** Institute of Volcanology and Seismology, Russian Academy of Sciences,
9 bul'var Piipa, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, 683006, Russia
Keywords: Trace-element pattern, rocks, minerals, depletion, nickel, gabbro-cortlandite complex, rifting
Pages: 1260-1270


The internal structure and proportions of the main rocks of the Kuvalorog gabbro-cortlandite massif, the largest intrusion on the Kamchatka Peninsula, are considered. The intrusive rocks are shown to abound in pargasitic amphibolite and biotite. Ultrabasic orthopyroxene contains melt inclusions with porphyritic pargasite phenocrysts, which point to a high water content in the parental melt of this intrusion. In trace-element patterns of rocks and minerals the massif is similar to Ni-bearing traps of the Siberian Platform. The behavior of lanthanides in the cortlandites evidences that their parental magma was melted out of a garnet-bearing mantle source and then crystallized under high-pressure conditions. Like the productive intrusions in the Noril'sk district, the rocks and all rock-forming minerals of the Kuvalorog massif are depleted in Ni relative to chondrite C1, which indicates a high Ni-sulfide ore potential of the massif.