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Russian Geology and Geophysics

2004 year, number 2


N.O. Kozhevnikov, J. Bigalke*, and O.K. Kozhevnikov**
Institute of Geophysics, Siberian Branch of the RAS, 3 prosp. Akad. Koptyuga, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia
* Institute of Meteorology and Geophysics, Feldbergstr., 47, D-60323, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
** Irkutsk State Technical University, 83 ul. Lermontova, Irkutsk, 664074, Russia
Keywords: Geoelectrical surveys, SP, TEM, geobattery, conductor, tectonics, Ol'khon region
Pages: 235-246


The paper presents the results of SP, TEM, and VLF surveys in the Ol'khon region along two, 6 and 11.5 km, profiles which traverse major two-dimensional tectonic structures. The region is divided into a northwestern and a northeastern tectonic blocks separated by the Kuchulga fault. The northwestern (Chernorud) block is marked by a negative SP anomaly of hundreds millivolt coinciding with a flat electrical conductor detected by TEM soundings at depths between 120 and 450 m. The SP anomaly may be produced by a natural galvanic cell (a geobattery) in which electronic conductive graphite mineralization connects regions of different redox potentials in an electrolytic formation. The tectonic origin of the anomaly remains unclear and may be associated with shearing, mylonitization, and plastic flow in a regional-scale low-angle thrust. The southeastern block confined between the Kuchulga fault and the Baikal shore is geoelectrically uniform and much more stable tectonically than the Chernorud block. Horizontal conductors in the southeastern block were never observed before but may be expected to appear in TEM records from greater-moment sources and/or in MT data.